Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key


Play button


Play button




Click to flip

30 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
–verb (used with object) banish (a person) from his or her native country. withdraw (oneself) from residence in one's native country. withdraw (oneself) from allegiance to one's country.
–verb (used without object) become an expatriate: He expatriated from his homeland.
5.expatriated; exiled.
–noun expatriated person: Many American writers were living as expatriates in Paris.
verb (used with object) hold out against; sustain without impairment or yielding; undergo: to endure great financial pressures with equanimity. bear without resistance or with patience; tolerate: I cannot endure your insults any longer. admit of; allow; bear: His poetry is such that it will not endure a superficial reading.
–verb (used without object) continue to exist; last: These words will endure as long as people live who love freedom. support adverse force or influence of any kind; suffer without yielding; suffer patiently: Even in the darkest ages humanity has endured.
—Synonyms 2. stand, support, suffer, brook. See bear1. 4. abide. See continue.
—Antonyms 4. fail, die.
not scrupulous; unrestrained by scruples; conscienceless; unprincipled.
1.extremely painful; causing intense suffering; unbearably distressing; torturing: an excruciating noise; excruciating pain.
2.exceedingly elaborate or intense; extreme: done with excruciating care.
—Synonyms 1. unbearable, insufferable, unendurable, agonizing, racking.
1.understood without being openly expressed; implied: tacit approval.
2.silent; saying nothing: a tacit partner.
—Synonyms 1. unexpressed, unspoken, unsaid, implicit.
1.threatening or portending evil, harm, or trouble; ominous: a sinister remark.
2.bad, evil, base, or wicked; fell: his sinister purposes.
3.unfortunate; disastrous; unfavorable: a sinister accident.
4.of or on the left side; left.
1. of, pertaining to, or having the form of a beast: the belief that a person could assume bestial form after death; the bestial signs of the zodiac.
2.without reason or intelligence; brutal; inhuman: bestial treatment of prisoners.
1.dependent on circumstances beyond one's control; uncertain; unstable; insecure: a precarious livelihood.
2.dependent on the will or pleasure of another; liable to be withdrawn or lost at the will of another: He held a precarious tenure under an arbitrary administration. to or involving danger; dangerous; perilous; risky: the precarious life of an underseas diver.
4.having insufficient, little, or no foundation: a precarious assumption.
—Synonyms 1. unsure, unsteady. See uncertain. 2. doubtful, dubious, unreliable, undependable. 3. hazardous. 4. groundless, baseless, unfounded.
—Antonyms 1. secure. 2. reliable. 3. safe. 4. well-founded.
–verb (used with object) convert into stone or a stony substance. benumb or paralyze with astonishment, horror, or other strong emotion: I was petrified with fear. make rigid or inert; harden; deaden: The tragedy in his life petrified his emotions.
Provoke or stir up;
Serve as the inciting cause of;
noun, plural -ties.
1.union or fellowship arising from common responsibilities and interests, as between members of a group or between classes, peoples, etc.: to promote solidarity among union members. of feelings, purposes, etc. of responsibilities and interests.
–verb (used with object), -dat·ed, -dat·ing. flood; cover or overspread with water; deluge. overwhelm: inundated with letters of protest.
the act of throwing a thing or esp. a person out of a window: the defenestration of the commissioners at Prague.
1. in a dying state; near death.
2. on the verge of extinction or termination.
3. not progressing or advancing; stagnant: a moribund political party.
–verb (used without object)
1. to walk heavily or move laboriously; trudge: to plod under the weight of a burden.
2. to proceed in a tediously slow manner: The play just plodded along in the second act.
3. to work with constant and monotonous perseverance; drudge.
–verb (used with object)
4. to walk heavily over or along.
–verb (used with object), shunned, shun·ning.
to keep away from (a place, person, object, etc.), from motives of dislike, caution, etc.; take pains to avoid.
—Synonyms evade, eschew.
—Antonyms seek.
to beat or thrash with or as if with the fists.
–verb (used with object)
1. to bother persistently with petty annoyances; trouble: Don't pester me with your trivial problems.
2.Obsolete. to overcrowd.
—Synonyms 1. annoy, vex, tease, disturb; irritate, provoke, plague; badger, harry, hector.
—Antonyms 1. delight, entertain.
1.something that is not what it purports to be; a spurious imitation; fraud or hoax.
2.a person who shams; shammer.
3.a cover or the like for giving a thing a different outward appearance: a pillow sham.
4.pretended; counterfeit; feigned: sham attacks; a sham Gothic façade.
5.designed, made, or used as a sham.
–verb (used with object) produce an imitation of. assume the appearance of; pretend to have: to sham illness.
–verb (used without object) make a false show of something; pretend.
—Synonyms 1. pretense. 4. spurious, make-believe, simulated, mock. See false. 6. imitate. 7. feign, fake.
—Antonyms 4. genuine.
1.of, characterizing, or pertaining to pleasure: a hedonic thrill.
2.pertaining to hedonism or hedonics.
–verb (used with object)
1. to overcome the distrust or hostility of; placate; win over: to conciliate an angry competitor.
2. to win or gain (goodwill, regard, or favor).
3. to make compatible; reconcile.
1. great warmth and earnestness of feeling: to speak with great fervor.
2. intense heat.
1. horrible or frightful to the senses; repulsive; very ugly: a hideous monster.
2. shocking or revolting to the moral sense: a hideous crime.
3. distressing; appalling: the hideous expense of moving one's home to another city.
—Synonyms 1, 2. grisly, grim; repellent, detestable, odious, monstrous, dreadful, appalling, ghastly.
—Antonyms 1. attractive, pleasing.
1. quick and active; lively: brisk trading; a brisk walk.
2. sharp and stimulating: brisk weather; brisk wind.
3. (of liquors) effervescing vigorously: brisk cider.
4. abrupt; curt: I was surprised by her rather brisk tone.
–verb (used with object), -vat·ed, -vat·ing. make worse or more severe; intensify, as anything evil, disorderly, or troublesome: to aggravate a grievance; to aggravate an illness. annoy; irritate; exasperate: His questions aggravate her. cause to become irritated or inflamed: The child's constant scratching aggravated the rash.

1. The act of assembling.
2. A body of assembled people or things; a gathering.
3. A group of people gathered for religious worship.
adjective, -er, -est.
1. bare, desolate, and often windswept: a bleak plain.
2. cold and piercing; raw: a bleak wind.
3. without hope or encouragement; depressing; dreary: a bleak future.
1. brave, spirited, noble-minded, or chivalrous: a gallant knight; a gallant rescue attempt.
2. exceptionally polite and attentive to women; courtly.
3. stately; grand: a gallant pageant.
4. showy, colorful, or stylish, as in dress; magnificent.
5. amorous; amatory.
lively; animated; gay: a vivacious folk dance.
—Synonyms spirited, brisk.
—Antonyms languid.
–verb (used with object)
1. to detest utterly; abhor; abominate.
2. to curse; imprecate evil upon; damn; denounce: He execrated all who opposed him.
–verb (used without object)
3. to utter curses.