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37 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
autarky
self sufficient society
cyclopean walls
Greeks in the Dark Ages could not believe that humans had built the Cyclopean walls so they believed that they were built by Cyclopes
depopulation
decrease in population
chiefdom
a community or clan lead by a leader called a chief
clan
a community lead by a chiefdom
panhellenism
unity by virtue of being Greece; panhellenism is important because of colonization
colonization
settling in a new place
hoplites
trained, strategic foot soldiers
tyrant
people who seized power illegally
Ionian Renaissance
rebirth and rethinking of science and philosophy
phalanx
the way hoplites are organized
Archaic
old-fashioned
oikist
economist; household-setter-upper, colonization
polites
civilization
aristocrats
money to participate in government
arete
excellence
demos
the common people of an ancient Greek state
liturgies
donations of money to a polis
acropolis
the citadel or high fortified area of an ancient Greek city
agora
open place; market, city center
piety
reverence for the gods or devout fulfillment of religious obligations
chora
farmlands, villages
social stratification
process of creating levels based on social status
hereditary
passed down from generation to generation (citizenship, dynasty)
magistrate
a judge
martial
warlike, military oriented
helots
natives to the region, forced labor
homoio
equals, male citizens who have passed training
krypteia
street police
constitution
laws to live by (Lycurgus)
eunomia
valuing the poleis above yourself
Lycergus
legendary lawgiver
gerousia
council of elders (29 + 2 kings)
ephor
5 administrators who get things done
“lyconic"
speaking with only a few words; describes how you talk
“Spartan”
hard, capable of suffering pain, harsh, difficult, uncomfortable, strong
“cryptic”
hidden