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47 Cards in this Set

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What is the conscious awareness and interpretation of sensations?
Perception
Where does the function of perception take place?
In the cerebral cortex
What is the name given for each unique type of sensation?
Sensory Modality
What are the general senses?
a. somatic senses
b. visceral senses
c. special senses
d. a and b
D. a and b
Describe the somatic senses.
They include tactile sensations, like touch, pressure, and vibration; thermal sensations, pain and proprioception
Which senses provide information about conditions within internal organs?
a. Somatic senses
b. Visceral senses
c. Interocepters
d. chemorecepters
B. Visceral senses
Name the 5 special senses.
Smell, taste, vision, hearing, and equalibrium
What is a specialized cell or the dendrites of a sensory neuron, where the process of sensation begins?
a. sensory receptor
b. special senses
c. stimuli
d. sensory modality
A. sensory receptor
What is selectivity?
a. the process in which the sensory receptor decides what type of sense it is going to pick up
b. the characteristic of sensory receptors that causes it to respond weakly to stimuli other then its particular stimulus
c. the sense causing pickiness
d. a made up word
B. The characteristic of sensory receptors that causes it to respon weakly to stimuli other then its particular stimulus
These receptors are located at or near the external surface of the body, and therefor are sensitive to stimuli in the external environment.
a. Osmorecetors
b. Meissner corpuscles
c. External receptors
d. Exteroceptors
D. Exteroceptors
Which receptors are found in blood vessels, visceral organs, muscles, and the nervous system?
a. visceral
b. somatoreceptors
c. interoceptors
d. blecfinoceptors
C. Interoceptors
Where are proprioceptors found?
a. muscles and tendons
b. joints
c. the inner ear
d. all of the above
D. all of the above
Which receptors monitor the stretching of blood vessels and internal organs?
a. Nociceptors
b. osmoreceptors
c. propioceptors
d. mechanoreceptors
D. Mechanoreceptors
which receptors detect chemical changes in the mouth, nose , and body fluids?
a. Pms receptors
b. chemoreceptors
c. osmoreceptors
d. all of the above
B. Chemoreceptors
What do osmoreceptors detect?
a. osmotic pressure in the ear
b. osmotic pressure in body fluids
c. osmotic pressure in the ozone layer
d. osmotic pressure in yo mamma
B. Osmotic pressure in body fluids
What types of senses are associated with rapidly adapting receptors?
pressure, touch, and smell
What types of stimuli are are associated with slow adaptong receptors?
pain, body possision, and chemical composition of blood
What area contains the highest density of somatic sensory receptors?
a. tongue
b. lips
c. finger tips
d. all of the above
D. all of the above
what is the name given for the sensations that arise from the skin?
Cutaneous sensations
Name the 5 tactile sensations.
touch , pressure, vibration, itch and tickle
What is another word for fine touch?
a. Crude touch
b. definitive touch
c. discriminative touch
d. corpustulation
C. discriminative touch
Where are the corpuscles of touch located?
a. stratum basale
b. epidermal layer
c. dermal papillae
d. in your ear
C. dermal papillae
name the rapidly adapting receptors for fine touch.
a. corpuscles of touch
b. meissner corpuscles
c. merkel discs
d. a and b
D. a and b
name the slowly adapting receptors for fine touch.
Merkel discs (aka Type I cutaneous mechanoreceptors)
Where are the slowly adapting crude touch recepters located, and what are they called?
They are located in hairy skin, and are called hair root plexuses
What receptors are most sensitive to the stretching that occurs when digits and limbs are moved?
a. Type I cutaneous mechanorecepters
b. type II cutaneous mechanorecepters
c. corpuscles of touch
d. none of the above
B. type II cutaneous mechanoreceptors
What is another name fpr Ruffini corpuscles?
Type II cutaneous mechanoreceptors
What is another name for merkel discs?
Type I cutaneous mechanoreceptors
A sustained sensation that is felt over a larger area then touch, and occurs with deformation of deeper tissue.
a. vibration
b. corpuscles of touch
c. pressure
d. discriminative touch
C. pressure
Which recepters contribute to sensations of pressure?
a. corpuscles of touch
b. type I mechanoreceptors
c. lamellated (pacinian) corpuslces
d. all of the above
D. all of the above
Where are cold receptors found in the skin?
Stratum basale of the epidermis
Where are warm receptors found in the skin?
the dermis
What is pain that arises from stimulation of receptors in the skin?
Superficial somatic pain
What is stimulation of receptors in skeletal muscle, joints, tendons, and fascia?
deep somatic pain
what type of pain is caused by stimulation of nociceptors in visceral organs?
a. visceral pain
b. deep somatic pain
c. slow pain
d. nociceptic pain
a. visceral pain
what types of drugs are analgesic?
a. asprin
b. motrin
c. ibuprofen
d. all of the above
D. all of the above
What hormone is blocked by analgesic?
a. nociceptors
b. progesterone
c. prostaglandins
d. endorphins
C. prostaglandins
the perception of body movement is known as
a. proprioception
b. kinesthesia
c. mechanoreception
d. antellesthinia
B. kinesthesia
The proprioceptors in the skeletal muscles that monitor changes in the length of muscles are
a. mechanoreceptors
b. stretch tones
c. corpuscles of muscle stretch
d. muscle spindles
D. muscle spindles
What is the stapedes?
a. a little muscle in your finger
b. the largest muscle in the human body
c. the only skeletal muscle that lacks spindles
d. a mythilogical God
C. The only skeletal muscle that lacks spindles (located in the middle ear)
What are the thin capsules of connective tissue that enclose tendon fascicles at the junction of muscle and tendon?
a. tendon sheath
b. tendon organ
c. tendonitis
d. tendon spindle
B tendon organ
What is another name for the posterior column within which the impulces for conscious proprioception ans most tactile sensations ascend to the cerebral cortex?
Medial lemniscus pathway
what 4 sensations are conducted along the medial lemniscus?
fine touch, stereognosis, propioception, and vibratory sensations
what 2 sensations are conveyed by the lateral spinothalamic tract?
pain and temperature
what 4 senses are conveyed by the anterior spinothalamic tract?
tickle, itch, crude touch, and pressure
Where does the localization of somatic sensations occur?
primary somatosensory area located in the postcentral gyri of the cerebral cortex
Name the major routes proprioceptive impulses take to reach the cerebellum.
Posterior and anterior spinocerebellar tracts