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27 Cards in this Set

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The ____ is a collecting duct and the tubules assoicated with it that extends from the medulla radially though cortex toward surface.
Medullary ray
The ____ consists of a collecting tubue duct and al the nephrons that it drain.
renal lobule
The ____ is the glomerulus and the bowmans capsule.
renal corpuscle
The glomerulus has a fenestrated endothelium covered by ____ which are the visceral layer of the bowmans capsule and have a common _____ for selective filtration, and extensions called _____.
podocyte (phagocytoic), basal lamina, pedicels (2 form filtration slit)
____ cells in the kidney replace CT and are in cappilary loops or are specifically ____ when they are a pad.
mesangial, extraglomerular mesangium (incudes lacis in pole)
____ sense [Na+], ____ sense BP and produce renin and ____ produce erythropoeitin.
Macula densa, juxtaglomerular, lacis
The metanephic mesoderm produces the ______.
excretory unit (bowmans, PCT, loop henle, DCT)
The ureteric bud or mesonephric duct produces the ___.
collecting (collecting tubule, collecting duct, minor and major calyces, renal pelvis, ureter)
___ tumor is a WT1 mutation, ____ is the tumor with a chromosome 11 mutation, ___ includes intersex diorders, ____ is failure of development of nephrons, and ____ has decreaed amniotic fluid and lack of kindey, and ___ has numerous cysts.
wagners, WAGR syndrome, deny-drash syndrome, multicystic dysplasmic kidney, potter sequence, PCK
The bladder and urethra form from the ____.
cloaca
___ is a ventral wall defect, and ____ is a more severe one.
exstrophy of bladder, cloaca
The Von Ebner's glands are pure ____ secreting.
serous (minor salivary gland)
The ____ paillae is heavily keratanized and most abundant, the ___ papillae are the largest and work with the von ebners glands.
filiform, circumvallate
___ salivary glands are located in the lamina propria-submucosa, seromucous and are in the lips, cheeks, tongue soft palate, and floor of mouth.
minor
____ salivary glands are parotid, submandibular, and sublingual, they secrete ____,____, and ____, respectively.
major, serous, mixed/serous, mixed/mucous
____ produce enamel, ___ produce dentin, and ____ produce cementum.
ameloblasts, odontoblasts, cementoblasts
The ___ and ___ glands secret mucouse in the esophagus, and are lymphatic tissue and located in the lamina propria, respectively.
submucousal esphoageal, cardiac
In ___ 's esophagus stratified epithelium is replaced with columnar.
barrett
____ is due to the degeneration of the Auerbachs plecus.
Achlasia (muscularus externa)
G cells produce ___ and D cells produce ___.
gastrin (HCl), Somatostatin (inhibit gastrin)
Parietal cells produce ___ and ___, which binds Vit B12 for uptake in ileum.
HCl, IF
Chief cells secrete ____ which is a weak lipase.
pepsinogen
Paneth cells produce ___
lysozyme
Seretonin stimulates ____.
smooth muscle contraction (EC cells in small intestine)
____ stimulates bile production and pancreatic enzyme secretion. (_ cells in small intestine).
CCK, I
____ stiumulates pancreatic and biliary bicarb and water. (___ cells in small intestine).
Secretin, S
___ patches are lympn tissues, and ____ glands are alkanizing.
Peyers, brunners