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51 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
The taking in, digestion, and assimilation of Food.
The removal of wastes that result from metabolism.
the production and use of energy in the form of ATP
By increasing the size of one cell, or by cell division to create more cells
The ability to move from A to B or to move one part into a new position
The ability to sense and respond to stimuli from the environment
The production of offspring and passing of heritable characteristics from generation to generation
Name all levels of organization, from smallest to largest.
Atom, Molecule, Organelle, Cell, Tissue, Organ, Organ System, Organism, Population, Community, Biome, Ecosystem, Biosphere.
What does an Ecologist study?
Organism to Biosphere
What does an Ethologist study?
Studies the behavior of organisms and populations.
What does a Physiologist study?
Organs and Organ systems
What does a Histologist study
What does a Cytologist study
organelles, cells, and tissues.
What does a biochemist study?
molecules and organelles
Most critical event that caused cells to be formed?
the development of the bilayered membrane
Order of Scientific Method
What is Cohesion
Cohesion deals with water sticking to each other
What is Adhesion
deals with water sticking to other objects
What is Specific Heat and how does it effect living things.
Specific heat is the amount of energy required to heat one gram of water one degree celsius. Water has a SH of 4.2 Joules. Water is a good enviornment because of it.
How do you test for water?
Use cobalt-chloride paper which will turn blue to pink in the prescence of water.
How do you remove water vapor from air?
Use a desication chamber by adding calcium chloride or by bubbling it through concentrated sulphiric acid.
What is the formula for a Monosaccharide
What are Monosaccharides used for?
Used to provide energy during respiration, also the monomer units of larger carbohydrates(di- and poly-)
How dod you test for Monosaccharides?
By using the benedict's test, in which the soultion will turn blue to red, in the form of Cu2O
What is the difference between a Alpha and Beta glucose
in an alpha glucose the OH is below in a beta the OH is above.
What is the Forumal for Disaccharides
How do you make sucrose
glucose + fructose
How do you make maltose
glucose x2
how do you make lactose
glucose + galactose
How do you test for disaccharides
dilute them with HCL and the neutralizing with Na2CO3 and then using the benedicts test
What are physical properties of Monosaccharides and Disaccharides
Crystalline, soluble in water, taste sweet.
What is the formula for polysaccharides?
give examples of both structural and storage uses of polysaccharides
Storage- Starch and Glycogen
Structural-Cellulose and chitin (exoskeleton)
What are starch and cellulose made up of
Starch- Alpha glucose linked to form a coil
Cellulose- Beta Glucose linked to form a long chain.
What are the advantages to both starch and cellulose.
Starch and cellulose are insoluble. Starch is unreactive, and cellulose makes a good wall because it is straight.
What is the name of the bond between two monosaccharides
Glycosidic Link
How do you test for Starch
by testing with KI solution and turning black.
What are the elements in Lipids
What are the monomer units of Lipids
1 Glycerol
3 Fatty Acids
what is the formation for wax
one glycerol linked with one long fatty acid.
What are the functions of lipids
Long term energy stores, used in respiration, padding, buoyancy, Insulation, and Metabolic Water.
How do you test for Lipids
Add a couple of drops of Sudan III and it will give a red layer at the surface or have red dots.
What are the base units of Proteins
C O H N and sometimes S
What are the Monomer units of Proteins
Amino Acids
What are two important amino acids
systine and glysine
What is the bond between two amino acids called
a peptide bond
what is the name for a chain of amino acids.
what is the name for two amino acids grouped together
what is the shape of a protein called?
What are some functions of a proteins.
Structural: Collagen and Keratin
Regulatory:Enzymes and Hormones
Defense:Antibodies and Fibrinogen
Others:Carrier Proteins
How do you test for proteins.
Use the Biuret test or millons test. The Biuret test requires adding a few drops of koh, shake it, then add cuso4 and if it turns purple or mauve it has a protein.