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16 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Thomas Hobbes
English philosopher; wrote Leviathan in 1651; social contract theory -- earliest history humans lived in freedom in which no government existed and no person was subject to any superior power; in short, the state arose out of a voluntary act of free people
John Locke
English philosopher; in social contract theory, he argued that government was only legitimate if it recieved the consent of the people and protected natural rights of life, liberty, and property; wrote Two Treatises of Government
Jean-Jacques Rousseau
French philosopher who helped develop the social contract theory; wrote Social Contract
French Enlightenment philosopher; defended civil liberties, freedom of religion, the right to fair trial; also outspoken supporter of social reform
wrote The Spirit of Laws; French social commentator and political thinker; famous for his articulation of the theory of separation of powers
Patrick Henry
delegate from Virginia in the First Continental Congress; federalist - favored ratification; give me liberty or give me death
John Jay
New York delegate of the First Continental Congress; was a writer apart of The Federalist, a collection of 85 essays written by Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, and himself; first Chief Justice of the U.S.; governor of New York state; president of the Continental Congress in 1778
Daniel Shays
officer in the War of Independence, led an armed uprsing that forced several State judges to close their courts; Shay's Rebellion -- unsuccessful attack on the federal arsenal at Springfield
Ross Perot
Indpendent candidate in the 1992 & 1996 election; lost both; also Texas Billionare
Andrew Jackson
Geraldine Ferraro
Democratic politicion and former member of the U.S. House of Reps; first and only woman to represent a major U.S. political party as a candidate for Vice President; she and her running mate Walter Mondale were defeated in a landslide by Ronald Reagan in the 1984 election
Ben Bernanke
current Chairman of the Board of Governors of the U.S. Federal Reserve; previously Chairman of the U.S. Presdients COuncil of Economic Advisers; 2005 Bush nominated him so succeed Alan Greenspan as Chairman of the Federal Reserve; sworn in on February 1, 2006
Condoleezza Rice
67th Secretary of State (2005); also served as National Security Advisor to Bush from 2001 - 2005; first African American woman and second woman to serve as secretary of state
Sandra Day O'Connor
first female Associate Justice of the Supreme Court (1981 - 2006; nominated by President Ronald Reagan and served for over 24 years; successor = Samuel Alito; only living retired Justice
Ruth Bader Ginsberg
currently an Associate Justice on the U.S. Supreme Court; second woman, and first Jewish woman to serve on the Supreme Court
John Roberts
the 17th and current Chief of Justice of the U.S. since 2005; prior to the Supreme Court ROberts was a judge on the U.S. Court of Appeals for D.C.