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12 Cards in this Set

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brief lapses of consciousness with or without rapid eye blinking, slight head, and limb jerking in a child
absence seizure
first line of therapy may include valproate, phenytoin, carbamazepine, phenobarbital, or newer agents (levitiracetam, oxcarbazepine, lamotrigine)
tonic-clonic seizure
sudden, brief muscle contractions; first line of therapy includes valproate and clonazepam
myoclonic seizures
commonly mistaken for daydreaming in a young child
absence seizure
first line therapy includes ethosuximide and valproate
absence seizure
loss of consciousness followed by loss of postural control, a tonic phase of muscle contraction and clonic phase of limb jerking
tonic-clonic seizure
motor, sensory, visual, psychic, or autonomic phenomena with preserved level of consciousness
simple partial seizures
three hertz spike and wave pattern on EEG
absence seizure
may be assoc with cyanosis and urinary or fecal incontinence; increased serum prolactin during postictal period
tonic-clonic seizure
motor, sensory, visual, psychic, or autonomic phenomena with diminished level of consciousness and/or postictal confusion
complex partial seizure
seizure interferes with a single neurologic modality (motor, sensory, or autonomic function) but does not cause LOC
simple partial seizure
seizure commonly involves the temporal lobe
complex partial seizure