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22 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What type of classroom are they in? Special ed? Gen Ed?
Gen Ed.
What percent of students with disabilities have speech/language disorders; the most highly integrated of all students with disabilities

(Speech or language impairments are most highly integrated of all with disabilities)
Causes/Prevalence of Communication Disorders:
~Lack of opportunities to practice
~ Transient hearing loss
~Absence of speech models
~ Differences in speech related to culture
Causes/Prevalnce of Communication Disorders:
Cleft palate
Dental malformations
hearing loss
brain damage
Communication is considered a disability when....
~Transmission/perception of message is faulty
~ Person experiences an economic, learning or social disadvantage.
~ Emotional growth is affected negatively
~ Causes physical damage or endangers health of the person.
Types of Speech Disorders:
Most common speech disorder.
4 Different types of articulation:
~ Distortion
~ Substitution
~ Omission
~ Addition
Abnormalities of speech related to volume, quality, or pitch. Not common in children
Voice Disorders
The two types of Voice disorders
1) Phonation
2) Resonance
The pattern of the rate & flow of a person's speech.
Speech interruptions. Stuttering
Fluency Disorders

consists of blocking, repeating, prolonging, or avoiding sounds, syllables words, or phrases.
4 Types of Language Disorders
1) Absence of Verbal Language
2) Qualitatively Different Language
3) Delayed Language Development
4) Interrupted Language Development.
(Types of Language Disorders)

Child does not show indications of understanding or spontaneously using language by age 3
Absense of Verbal Language
(Type of a Language Disorder)

Child's language is different from that of nondisabled children at any stage of development-meaning & usefulness for communication are greatly lessened or lost.
Qualitatively Different Language

(ex: Ecolalia) autism disorder
(Type of a Language Disorder)

Occurs when a child develops language in the same approximate sequence as other children, but at a slow rate
Delayed Language Development
(Type of a Language Disorder)

Normal langauage development begins but is interrupted by illness, accident, or other truama; language disorder is acquired.
Interrupted Language Development
Refers to the intent and meaning of language and its rule system
meaning of words & word combinations. When students fail to comprehend, it is difficult for them to understand more subtle uses of language such as jokes.
Purpose and setting of communication as well as the people determine the type of language we use. EX: when child speaks to an adult, should be polite.
Augmentative Alternative Communication
To supplement or enhance
(ex. To add a picture symbol to their speech.)
To substitute(cant verbalize at all
ex. exclusive use of picture, symbols, synthesized voice