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96 Cards in this Set

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Hiram I
King of Tyre (I Kings 9:10-14)
who provided Solomon with
craftsman and materials for his
building operations
Black Stella
describes the military
accomplishments of
Shalmanesser III and pictures
Jehu paying tribute and
contains the name of Ahab
Dynasty XXI
(Tanite) third intermediate
period, Upper Egypt
controlled by the High Priest
of Amun at Thebes
Orsonkon I
Gave huge amounts of gold &
silver to Shishak
Ashur Nasirpil II
Established cruelty as a means
for controlling captured peoples
Shalmanezer V
Attacked Samaria, the capitol
of Israel, but died before the
conquest could be completed
Siamun
perhaps the pharaoh of I Kings
9:16, who married his daughter
to Solomon
Ittobaal (Ethbaal)
Priest of Astarte and father of
Jezebel, who ruled as far north
as Beirut and part of Cyprus
Shishak
Leader of the Libyans who
began has rule over Egypt from
Tanis, and waged war against
Israel under Rehoboam
Orsonkon II
Enmity changes to alliance with
Israel in face of threat of Assyria
which was restrained
temporarily at battle of Qarqar
Shalmaneser III
Took control of Babylon and then encountered the great Syrian confederation at Qarqar
Evil Marduk
Released the imprisoned king of the Neo Babylonian
Herod Philip II
Tetrarch of Batanaea,
Trachonitis and Gaulanitis
(northern Galilee). Built
Caesaria Philippi and rebuilt
Bethsaida
Cyaxares
Extended his control over the
Persian Kingdom, which paid
tribute to Hi and would have
defeated the Assyrians, but had
to defend his kingdom from the
Scythians. Later joined
Nabopolassar to capture
Nineveh
Cyrus I
Late 7th century ruler
Benhadad I
Made an alliance with Asa of
Judah against Israel
Darius the Mede
Perhaps Gubaru, the govenor
appointed by Cyrus, had
Daniel cast into the Lion's den
Succesors of Alexander the Great
Cassander - Macedonia &
Greece, Lysimachus - Thrace &
Bethania, Seluchus - Syria,
Ptolemy - Egypt & Israel &
Arabia
Alexander the Great
Defeated the Persians, Tyre,
Palestine, Egypt (where he
founded Alexandria), and
invaded India
Hazeal
Having Elisha predict that he
would rule, he smothered
Benhadad II to death
Benhadad II
The son of Benhadad I, later
made an alliance with Ahad
of Israel
Xerxes
Subdued Egypt, guelled a
rebellion in Babylonia and
amassed an army to fight
Greece where sucessful at
Themopylae, but defeated in
the naval battle at Salamis
Philip II of Macedon
Ruler of Macedon who annexed
Greece to his domain between
359-336 B.C.
Benhadad III
The son of Hazeal. Not the same Dynasty as Benhadad I or II
Necho II
Defeated Joshiah in the Valley of Megiddo, but was defeated by Nebechadnezzar
Shishak
Leader of the Libyans who began his rule over Egypt from Tanis, and waged war against Israel under Rehoboam
Phoenicia
a collection of city states in the
costal area of the present region
of Syria, Lebannon, and
Northern Israel, which became
a major sea power
Nebuchadnezzar II
The king of the Babylonian
Empire who captured
Jerusalem, destroyed the
temple, and carried the people
off
Darius Hystaspes (the Great)
Reigned from India to Greece.
Provided money for the
rebuilding of the temple.
Defeated by Athens at
Marathon
Psametichus
Reunited Egypt initially and joined the warring Assyria against the emerging Babylon
Artaxerxes I
King ruling during Persia's decline, who allowed Ezra and Nehemiah to return to Jerusalem
Darius III
Codomannus - Tried to reunite a splintering empire while trying to withstand the onslaught of Alexander the Great, but was defeated at Gaugamela
Taharqa
Opposed three Assyrian kings
Nabopolassar
was able to break Chaldea
away from Assyria, and with
Cyaxares, king of Media,
defeated Nineveh, splitting
the Assyrian Empire with
the Southern part falling to him
Assurbanipal
Re-concurred Egypt, defeating Elam and brought Manasseh of Judah under his firm control
Esarhaddon
Stabilized Babylon government by Marduk, and for a season conquered Egypt
Fall of Nineveh
After the Medes initially
attacked the city the final blow
came under a joint Medo-
Babylonian siege in 612
Sennacherib
After a revolt in which in
Conquered portions of Meda
were lost, he was victorious
over Merodach- Baladon of
Babylon
Sargon II
completed conquest of Samaria
and his empire stretched from
the Persian Gulf to Eilicia and
Egypt, but lost Babylon for a
time
Rezin
The last king of Damascus, who
was able to restore Damascus'
fortunes before final crushing
blow from Assyria in 732 B.C.
500 B.C.
Esther
586 B.C.
Babylon conquers Southern Kingdom
931 B.C.
Kingdom Divided
1446 B.C.
Exodus
Herod Antipas
Tetrarch of Galilee and Persia,
he was the Herod of Christ's
ministry and crucifixion
Herod the Great
After consolidating his
territory he had himself
proclaimed king. Among his
projects was the rebuilding of
the Temple in Jerusalem. His
cruelty was demonstrated in
his killing family members and
babies in Jerusalem
168 B.C.
Abomination of Desolation
536 B.C.
Babylon Falls to Persia
722 B.C.
Assyria conquers Northern Kingdom
1000 B.C.
David
Herod Agrippa I
Successor to Antipas and was
also given Judea and Samaria
by Claudius. Killed James and
imprisoned Peter, and smitten
himself by terrible diseases.
Archelaus
Ruled Judea, Sameria, and Idumaea but banished by Augustus to Gaul
63 B.C.
Roman capture of Judah
331 B.C.
Greece conquers Judah
70 A.D.
Fall of Jerusalem
1050 B.C
Monarchy begins
2000 B.C.
Abraham
Moabite Stone
describes the military accomplishments of Mesha of Moab and mentions Omri and Ahab
Ittobaal (Ethbaal)
Priest of Astarte and father of
Jezebel, who ruled as far north
as Beirut and part of Cyprus
Sheshonq Inscription
Hieroglyphic writing describing
the Military accomplishments
of Shishak I in Palestine,
confirming a raid against
Rehoboam and giving a list of
cities
So
The Pharaoh that Hoshea relied
upon in II Kings 17:4 in
resisting the king of Assyria
(Shalmanzssar V) with the
consequence that Hoshea was
imprisoned
Merodach Baladan
The Chaldean, who was twice ruler over Babylon, greatly strengthened Chaldea into a major power
Battle of Carchemish
In spite of help from Pharaoh Nechoof Egypt, the Assyrians were wiped out as a power in 605
Ashuruballit II
Ruled what was left of the Assyrian empire, by retreating first to Haran and then to Carchemish
Apries
Marched against Nebechadnezzer who had besieged Jerusalem, but retreated in the face of Babylon might
Orsonkon II
Enmity changes to alliance with Israel in face of threat of Assyria which was restrained temporarily at battle of Qarqar
Orsonkon I
Gave huge amounts of gold and silver to Shishak
Shalmanezer V
Attacked Samaria, the capitol of Israel, but died before the conquest could be completed
delete
delete
Rezon
Made a kingdom of Syria and became enemy of Solomon
Tiglath - Pileser III
Received tribute from Syrian-Palistinian vas-sals and consolidated conquest by deporting cream of population
Judas the Maccabee
Recaptured Jerusalem and cleansed the Temple
Jonathan
Brother of Judas who became both governor of Judah and High Priest
Mattathias
Ignites the Maccabean revolt, by refusing to offer sacrifices at the pagan altar
John Hyrcanus
Following death of Antiochus VII to the Parthyans, was able to become independent once again from Syria and annexed Idumaea, forcing the Idumaeas' to become Jewish
Aristobulus
First to take the name king
Simon
The last of the Sons of Mattathias under whom the concept of a hereditary high priesthood in the Hasonean family was legitimized
Salome Alexandra
Reigned after becoming widow of both Aristobulus and Alexander Jannus
Hyrcdanus II
Was an ally of the Pharisees
and fought against Aristobulus
II and Sadducees, eventually
flees to Idumaea, where
Antipater persuades him that
they should take forces to
Jerusalem
Alexander Janneus
Had the conflict with the Pharisees'
Julius Caesar
Grabbed absolute power, and eventually formed the first Triumvirate with Pompey and Crassus
Aristobulus II
Took the throne, but had to defend Jerusalem against Hyanacus II and Antipater
Tiberius
Had the army, the senate and
the masses all angry with him.
He was the Caesar on the
tribute coin and Caesar at the
time of Christ's death
Galigula
Mentally unbalanced, he became cruel and was murdered by his officers
Augustus Caesar (Octavian)
After the defeat of Antony, he became the sole ruler of Rome and during his reign Jesus was born
Nero
Preferred artistic pursuits to ruling and when his mind deteriorated he became ruthless
Antipater
An Idumaean who became
instrumental in Rome capturing
Jerusalem and was rewarded
by being named procurator.
He appointed his son Herod over
Judea
Claudius
After a successful military campaign into Britain, he become emperor and during his time the famine occurred which was predicted in Acts 11:28
Nabonidus
Son-in-law of Evil Marduk, who was the last king of the Neo Babylonian Empire, who was living in Tiema in Western Arabia, when Babylonia fell to the Persians
Augustus Caesar
Gauis Julius Caesar Octavianus - Reigned during Rome's greatest glory evidenced by great building projects. Together with Antony and Leopidus formed the Second Triumvirate
Belshazzar
The son of Nabonidus and the great-grandson of Nebuchadnezzar, who was acting ruler when Babylon fell
Astyages
Last King of Media, who was overthrown by Cyrus II
Achaemenes
Early Eponymous ancestor of the Achaemeneians, who perhaps fought against King Sennacherib
Cambyses I
Son of Cyrus I who married the daughter of Astyages
Cyrus II
Defeated Media and Babylon, he established the Persian Empire. He issued a decree that allowed the Jews to return to Judah.
Cambyses II
Added Egypt to the Persian Empire