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297 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
a-, an-
no, not
ab-
away from
abdomin/o
abdomen
-ac
pertaining to
ad-
toward
aden/o
gland
adren/o
adrenal gland
-al
pertaining to
-algia
pain
alveol/o
alveolus (air sac within the lung)
amni/o
amnion (sac that surrounds the embryo)
-an
pertaining to
ana-
up, apart
an/o
anus
angi/o
vessel(blood)
ante-
before, forward
anti-
against
append/o,
appendix
appendic/o

-ar
pertaining to
arteri/o
artery
arteriol/o
small artery
arthr/o
joint
-ary
pertaining to
-ation
process, condition
axill/o
armpit
balan/o
penis
bi-
two
bio
life
brady-
slow
bronch/o
bronchial tube
bronchiol/o
small bronchial tube
calcane/o
calcaneus (heel bone)
capillar/o
capillary
carcin/o
cancer,cancerous
cardi/o
heart
carp/o
wrist bones (carpals)
-cele
hernia
-centesis
surgical puncture to remove fluid
cephal/o
head
cerebell/o
cerebellum (posterior part of the brain)
cerebr/o
cerebrum (largest part of the brain)
cervic/o
neck
chem/o
drug, chemical
cholecyst/o
gallbladder
choledoch/o
common bile duct
chondr/o
cartilage
chron/o
time
-cision
process of cutting
cis/o
to cut
clavicul/o
clavicle (collar bone)
-coccus
berry-shaped bacteria (pl. cocci)
coccyg/o
tailbone
col/o
colon (large intestine)
colon/o
colon
colp/o
vagina
comi/o
to care for
con-
with, together
coni/o
dust
-coniosis
abnormal condition of dust
coron/o
heart
cost/o
rib
crani/o
skull
crin/o
secrete
-crine
secretion
-crit
separate
cry/o
cold
cutane/o
skin
cyst/o
urinary bladder
cyt/o
cell
-cyte
cell
dermat/o, derm/o
skin
dia-
through, complete
dur/o
dura mater (outermost meningeal layer)
dys-
painful, abnormal, bad, difficult
-eal
pertaining to
ec-
out, outside
ecto-
out, outside
-ectomy
excision (resection, removal)
-emesis
vomiting
-emia
blood condition
en-
within, in, inner
encephal/o
brain
endo-
within, in, inner
endocrin/o
endocrine glands
endometri/o
endometrium (inner lining of the uterus)
enter/o
intestines (usually small intestine)
epi-
above, upon
epiglott/o
epiglottis
epitheli/o
skin (surface tissue)
erythr/o
red
esophag/o
esophagus
esthesi/o
sensation
ex-,extra-
out, outside
femor/o
femur, thigh bone
fibut/o
fibula (smaller lower leg bone)
gastr/o
stomach
gen/o
to produce
-gen
to produce
-genesis
producing, forming
-genic
pertaining to producing, produced by
ger/o
old age
glyclo
sugar
gnos/o
knowledge
-gram
record
-graphy
process of recording, to record
gynec/o
woman, female
hemat/o, hem/o
blood
hepat/o
liver
humer/o
humerus (upper arm bone)
hyper-
excessive, above
hypo-
below, deficient
hypophys/o
pituitary gland
hyster/o
uterus
-ia
condition
iatr/o
treatment
-ic
pertaining to
ile/o
ileum (third part of small intestine)
ili/o
ilium (upper part of hip bone)
in-
in, into
-ine
pertaining to
inguin/o
groin
inter-
between
intra-
within
-ior
pertaining to
isch/o
to hold back
-ism
condition, process
-ist
specialist
-itis
inflammation
lapar/o
abdomen
laryng/o
larynx (voice box)
later/o
side
leuk/o
white
-listhesis
to slip, slide
lith/o
stone
-lith
stone
-logy
study of
lumb/o
loin, waist region
lymph/o
lymph
lymphaden/o
lymph nodes
lymphangi/o
lymph vessel
lys/o
separation, breakdown, destruction
-lysis
separation, breakdown, destruction
mal-
bad
mamm/o
breast
mast/o
breast
mediastin/o
mediastinum
medull/o
medulla oblongata (lower part of the brain)
-megaly
enlargement
men/o,
menstruation
meningto
meninges
meta-
beyond,change
metacarp/o
metacarpals (hand bones)
metatars/o,
metatarsals (foot bones)
metr/o,
uterus; to measure
-metry
measurement
-mortem
death
-motor
movement
muscul/o
muscle
my/o
muscle
myel/o
bone marrow (with -blast, -oma, -cyte, -genic)
myel/o,
spinal cord (with -gram, -itis, -cele)
myo/o
muscle
myring/o
eardrum
nas/o
nose
nat/i
birth
neo-
new
nephr/o
kidney
neur/o
nerve
nos/o,
disease
obstetr/o
midwife
ocui/o
eye
-oma
tumor, mass, swelling
onc/o
tumor
oophor/o
ovary
ophthalm/o
eye
-OPSY
process of viewing
opt/o
eye
or/o
mouth
orch/o
testicle, testis
orchi/o
testicle, testis
orchid/o
testicle, testis
orth/o
straight
-osis
abnormal condition
oste/o
bone
ot/o
ear
-OUS
pertaining to
ovari/o
ovary
pancreat/o
pancreas
para-
beside, near, along the side of
-partum
birth
path/o
disease
-pathy
disease condition
ped/o
child
pelv/o
hip bone
per-
through
peri-
surrounding
peritone/o
peritoneum (membrane around abdominal organs)
perone/o
fibula
-pexy
fixation (surgical)
phalang/o
phalanges (finger and toe bones)
pharyng/o
pharynx, throat
-philia
attraction to
phleb/o
vein
phren/o
diaphragm
phren/o
mind
plas/o
formation, growth, development
-plasm
formation, growth, development
-plasty
surgical repair
-plegia
paralysis
pleur/o
pleura (membranes surrounding the lungs)
-pnea
breathing
pneum/o
air, lung
pneumon/o
lung
-poiesis
formation
post-
after, behind
pre-
before
pro-, pros-
before, forward
proct/o
anus and rectum
prostat/o
prostate gland
psych/o
mind
-ptosis
prolapse, sagging
-ptysis
spitting
pulmon/o
lung
pyel/o
renal pelvis (central section of the kidney)
radi/o
x-ray; radius (lateral lower arm bone)
re-,retro-
behind, back
rect/o
rectum
ren/o
kidney
retin/o,
retina of the eye
rheumat/o
flow, fluid
rhin/o
nose
-rrhage
bursting forth of blood
-rrhagia
bursting forth of blood
-rrhea
flow, discharge
sacr/o
sacrum.
salping/o
fallopian (uterine) tube; eustachian tube
-salpinx
fallopian (uterine) tube; eustachian tube
sarc/o
flesh
scapul/o
shoulder blade (bone)
-sclerosis
condition of hardening
-scope
instrument to view or visually examine
-scopy
process of viewing or visual examination
scrot/o
scrotal sac, scrotum
-section
to cut
-sept/o
infection
septic/o,
infection
-sis
condition
-somatic
pertaining to the body
son/o
sound
-spasm
constriction
spin/o
backbone
splen/o
spleen
spondyl/o
vertebra, backbone
-stasis
stop, control; place, to stand
-stat
stop, control
stern/o
sternum (breast bone)
-stomy
opening
sub-
under, below
sym-
with, together (use before b, p, and m)
syn-
with, together
tachy-
fast
-tension
pressure
theli/o
nipple
-therapy
treatment
-thesis
to put or place
thorac/o
chest
thromb/o
clot
thym/o
thymus gland
thyr/o, thyroid/o,
thyroid gland
tib/o
tibia or shin bone (larger lower leg bone)
-tic
pertaining to
-tomy
incision, process of cutting
tonsill/o
tonsils
top/o
to put, place
trache/o
trachea (windpipe)
trans-
across, through
tri-
three
troph/o
development, nourishment
-trophy
development, nourishment
tympan/o
eardrum
uIn/o
ulna (medial lower arm bone)
ultra-
beyond
-um
structure
uni-
one
ureter/o
ureter
urethr/o
urethra
ur/o
urine, urinary tract
-uria
urine condition
uter/o
uterus
vagin/o
vagina
vas/o
vessel, vas deferens
vascul/o
blood vessel
ven/o
vein
vertebr/o
vertebra (backbone)
vesic/o
urinary bladder
-y
condition; process