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12 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
A hard, crystalline solid made by heating clay and other mineral materials to high temperatures.
A clear, solid material with no crystal structure, created by heating sand to a very high temperature.
Optical Fiber
A threadlike piece of glass (or plastic) that can be used for transmitting messages in the form of light.
Nuclear Reaction
A reaction involving the particles in the nucleus of an atom that can change one element into another element.
Radioactice Decay
The process in which the atomic nuclei of unstable isotopes release fast-moving particles and energy.
The spontaneous emission of radiation by an unstable atomic nucleus.
Alpha Particle
A type of nuclear radiation consisting of two protons and two neutrons.
Beta Particle
A fast-moving electron that is given off as nuclear radiation.
Gamma Radiation
A type of nuclear radiation made of high-energy waves.
The length of time needed for half of the atoms of a sample of a radioactive isotope to decay.
Radioactive Dating
The process of determining the age of an object using the half-life of one or more radioactive isotopes.
A radioactive isotope that can be followed through the steps of a chemical reaction or industrial process.