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15 Cards in this Set

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What method tries to understand biblcal texts in their original setting, discovering the intention of the original author.
HISTORICAL CRITICAL METHOD
it will also try to figure out if th teller of the story really meant us to take it literally
tries to reconstruct the original wording of the biblical text
TEXTUAL CRITICISM
TRACES THE TRANSMISSION OF THE TEST DOWN THROUSH THE CENTURIES
analyzes the language and meaning of the text as well as examining differences in the sources
literary coritism
breaks down a text into its smaller components to discover the literary forms that were used.
form critism
explores the historical setting of these units before they appeared.
analyzes the development of the oral traditions that were handed down.
transmisssion history
studies how a story was 1st presented orally, then in writing, and later comnined w/ other documents or oral traditions.
investigates how an editor (redactor) used written sources and what the editing tells us about the editor's theological interests.
redaction criticism
unearths artifacts, written materials and other evidences of the civilizations of ancient Israel and it neightbors to help us understand the world of the bible.
archaeology
interprets scripture in a real literal way.
Fundamentalism/ literalism
read only the text
doesn't consider changes in language & cultural differences b/t our age & that of biblical times.
fund/ literlism
tries to understand the Bible in its original setting discovering the intention of theoriginal human author
contextualism
what are the elements of contextualism
-language- culture- literary forms- message- situation
what is symnolism
outward sign leads to a deeper meaning.
garden- happiness w/ God
tree- knowledge- God no want us to know bad/good
serpent- evil - bad in lfe
eating- disobedience- fruit
hiding- no respons. 4 actions
nakedness- shame (cant face others)
what does Adam and eve mean
man of dirt
mother of the living
transmission of sinful condition
- human deprived of original justice (holiness)
-sinful condition inherited by transmission
-orig. sin not a personal action or fault (born into condition)
stories that reflect how sin affects the next generations
-the fall - Cain and Abel - Noah's ark
- tower of babel