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28 Cards in this Set

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Name 3 basic principles that underlie the concept of basic intervention
1. Therapy should occur in a realistic situation
2. Individually oriented-interesting to the client
3. Should show consistent success thru all stages (start/end with something they can do).
4. Therapy is geared one step up from the client's level.
Define stimulability
The degree to which a client can approximate the correct production of an error pattern on imitation.
Name 3 major factors that determine the progression of the therapy sequence (and example).
1. Stimulus type: cards, objects, drawings.
2. Task mode: pointing to a picture, or saying the word by imitation or prompt.
3. Response level: Degree of difficulty of target response.
What is Normative Strategy vs. Client Specific Strategy?
Normative: follows a normal developmental sequence (most effective).
Client specific: Therapy is specified for that individual at any age, for whatever their needs are.
What is branching?
Increasing or decreasing the difficulty of a task by one step.
What are the factors that influence generalization?
Stimuli
Physical environment
Audience
What is the fundamental purpose of intervention?
To increase the desired behavior and decrease the undesired behavior.
Name the 2 basic types of reinforcement.
Positive:
Primary-food
Secondary-smiling, eye contact, social reinforcers
Negative:
Avoidance or escape
Type I and Type II punishment
Type I: Saying "No"
Type II: Time-out or response cost.
Punishment should be presented...
immediately and consistently.
Name 4 teaching strategies and give examples.
1. Direct modeling-used the most to establish new behavior. You say a word, and the client repeats the word.
2. Indirect modeling-demonstrate the desired behavior frequently.
3. Shaping by successive approximation-behavior is broken down into small components and taught in increasing difficulty.
4. Prompts-add'l verbal or non-verbal cues to get a correct response.
What is PL-142?
Education of All Handicapped Children Act: all children ages 3-21 yrs with special needs receive a free and appropriate public education.
What is PL99-457?
Act to extend a free and appropriate public education to children with special needs between birth to 3 yrs.
What is a functional articulation disorder?
Speech production errors in the absence of any identifiable etiology.
What is an Organic articulation disorder?
The disorder has a structural or neurological etiology. Use the non-developmental approach.
What significant speech problem is associated with cleft palate?
VPI, or hypernasal speech.
What is DVD?
Developmental Verbal Dyspraxia: a motor planning disorder with reduced ability to voluntarily sequence movements of the articulators. It shows resistance to remediation.
Give 3 phonological processes
Gliding
Fronting
Stopping
Give 5 components of language and 2 examples of each
Semantics: meaning
Morphology: word struction, endings
Syntax: word order
Pragmatics: word use/social skills
Phonology: word sounds, rules for combining sounds
What is communicative intention?
The meaning that a speaker wished a message to convey.
What is the critical transition between 3rd and 4th grades about?
From learning to read to reading to learn.
Language intervention with adolescent (10-18 yrs)is concentrated on:
developing communication skills for personal-social and vocational purposes.
What are some potential problems in working with adolescents?
1.Resistence to dependent relationships
2.Reject the idea of being flawed or different
IEP
Individualized Educational Plan: to identify specific areas of remediation.
What is the purpose of the Treatment Resource Manual?
To provide a practical guide to intervention.
What are the 3 main components of the behavioral objective in an IEP?
1. Do statement: point, name
2. Condition: spontaneously
3. Criterion: with 90% accuracy
IFSP
Individualized Family Service Plan: for 0-3 yrs.
Give a 2-step command
stand up and jump on one foot.