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26 Cards in this Set

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Name the Three Types of Incontinence
-Stress Urinary Incontinence

-Urge Urinary Incontinence

-Overflow Urinary Incontinence
Describe Stress Urinary Incontinence
Involuntary loss of urine that occurs without detrussor (bladder) contraction when intravesical pressure exceeds urethral pressure.
Describe Urge Urinary Incontinence
Occurs randomly when involuntary urination is preceded by the warning of a few seconds to a few minutes. It is caused by uncontrolled contraction or overactivity of the detrussor muscle
Describe Overflow Urinary Incontinence
An involuntary urine loss associated with overdistension of the bladder. The bladdeer stores more urine but is not able to empty completely.
Name some ways that Incontinence is managed medically.
Pelvic Muscle Exercises (Kegel)

Pelvic Floor Reeducation.

Electrical Stimulation

Bladder Training

Drug Therapy

Fluid Intake and Dietary Changes
What is the functional unit of the Kidney?
The Nephron.
What parts make up the Nephron?
The glomerulus, Bowmans Capsule, proximal convoluted tubule, loop of henle, distle tubule, and collecting duct.
Where is EPO made?
The Kidneys.
Describe Bladder Capacity.
-Normally holds upt 600ML of Urine.

-Adults sence need at 150-200ML

-Children sense need at 50-100ML.
Define Anuria.
Inability to form urine.
Define Oliguria
Diminished capacity to form Urine.
Define Bacteriuria
Bacteria in the Urine.
Define Urosepsis
When bacteria in the urine progresses to the Kidneys, and blood stream.
Define Dysuria
Pain or buring during urination.
Define hematuria..
Irritation to bladder and urethral mucosa results in blood tinged urine.
Define pyelonephritis
Inflammation of the kidney and renal pelvis, usually as a result of a bacterial infection that has ascended from the urinary bladder.
What are some of the patterns affecting Urination Patterns?
Frequency, Time of Day, Normal Volume.
How many times do most people void urine on a daily basis?
5 or more times daily.
Waht is the normal color of urine?
Pale straw yellow or amber.
What are two assessments the nurse makes on urine?
Color and Odor.
The normal adult urine output per day is.
1500 to 1600 ML per Day
The most common hospital acquired (nosocomial) infections are?
Urinary Tract Infections
Hospital acquired UTI's are often related to poor hand wahsing and:
Improper Catheter care.
What causes urine to be concentrated and cloudy?
WBC and Bacteria.
To Minimize nocturia, clients should avoid fluids when.
Two hours before bedtime.
Why must an RC drainage bag be kept in the independent position?
To prevent urinary reflux.