Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/65

Click to flip

65 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Nicotinic receptors affect why type of muscle?
Skeletal
Abruptly stopping a beta blocker can cause rebound____________
Hypertension
Drugs that block the effects of the andrenergenic neurotransmitter are called andrenergenic ________.
Blockers
Describe Alpha1 receptors.
What do they affect, and how.
Blood Vessels - Constrict
Eyes - Dialate
Bladder - Contracts
Prostate - Contracts
Describe the Alpha2 receptors, what systems they affect, and how.
Blood Vessels - Decreased BP
Smooth GI Muscle - Decreased tone/Motility
Describe the Beta1 Receptors, what systems they affect, and how.
Heart - Increased Contraction/Rate
Kidney - Increased renin secretion ->Increased angiotension -> Increased BP
Describe the Beta2 receptors, what systems they affect, and how.
Smooth GI Muscle - Decreased GI tone/motility
Lungs - Bronchodialation
Uterus - Relaxed smooth uterine muscle
Liver - Activates Glycogenolysis -> Increased blood sugar.
What are drugs that affect the sympathetic nervous system called?
Adrenergics or Adrenergic Blockers.
What are drugs that stimulate the parasympathetic nervious system called?
Cholinergics
Which receptors stimulate smooth muscle and slow the heart rate?
Muscarinic Receptors
What receptors affect the skeletal muscles?
Nicotinic Receptors
How do Direct-Acting Cholinergic Drugs work?
They act on the receptors to activate a tissue response.
How do the Indirect-acting cholinergic drugs work?
They inhibit the action of the enzyme cholinesterase. (ChE)
What are the major responses of cholinergenic drugs?
Stimulate Bladder and GI Tone.
Constrict Pupils (Miosis)
Decreased Heart Rate and BP
Increased salivary, GI and Bronchial glandular secreations.
Name some conditions that would countraindicate Muscarinic agonists.
GI or Urinary obstruction.
Active Asthma.
What are the four stages of Anesthesia?
Analgesia
Excitement or delirium
Surgical
Medullary Paralysis
What are the two types of local anesthetics?
Esters and Amides
Name some local anesthetics.
Cocaine hydrocholride (Late 1800)
Procain Hydrochloride (Novocain) A synthetic cocaine
Lidocaine Hydrocholoride (Xylocain)
List the Seven Types of Pain.
Acute
Cancer
Chronic
Somatic
Superficial
Vascular
Visceral
Describe Acute Pain, and what drugs best treat it.
Occurs suddenly and responds to treatment. Usually last the duration of Tissue Injury.

Mild - Non Narcotic
Moderate - Combo +/- Narcotic
Severe - Narcotic
Describe Cancer Pain, and what drugs best treat it.
Pressure on nerves and organs, blockage to blood supply and bone metastasis.

Narcotic by PO, Transdermal,IM, IV or PCA.
Describe Chronic Pain, and what drugs best treat it.
Usually lasts longer than 6 months, and is difficult to treat or control.

Non Narcotics suggested, but if narcotics necessary, then PO, have long 1/2 life, not cause respiratory distress.
Describe Somatic Pain Pain, and what drugs best treat it.
From Skeletal muscles, ligaments, and joints.

Non Narcotics. NSAIDs will also help treat inflammation.
Describe Superficial Pain, and what drugs best treat it.
From surface areas such as skin and mucous membrane.

Mild - Non
Moderate - Combo
Describe Vascular Pain, and what drugs best treat it.
Perivascular tissues contributing to headaches and/or migraines.

Narcotic and other specialty drugs.
Describe Visceral Pain, and what drugs best treat it.
Smooth muscles and organs.

Narcotic drugs.
Name three narcotic analgesics that can be very toxic in adults?
Demerol (meperidine)
Talwin (pentazocine)
Darvon (poxyphene)
Where does Morphine come from?
The Opium plant.
What is the Generic Name for Demerol?

Schedule?
-Meperidine.
-Scheduel II
-Most commonly used narcotic for post-op pain.
-NOT Antitussive
Define Chrysotherapy
X
DefineDisease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARD’s)
X
Define Gout
X
Define Immunosuppressives
X
Define Infection
X
Define Inflammation
X
Define Nonsteroidal intiinflammatory drugs (NSAIDS)
X
Define Prostaglandins
X
Define Uricosurics
X
Define Acetylcholine
X
Define Adrenaline
X
Define Adrenergic
X
Define Autonomic Nervous System ANS
X
Define Central Nervous System CNS
X
Define Cholinergic
X
Define Neurotransmitter
X
Define Norepinephrine
X
Define Parasympathetic Nervous System
X
Define Parasympatholytics
X
Define Parasympathomimetics
X
Define Peripheral Nervous System (PNS)
X
Define Sympathetic Nervous System
X
Define Sympathomimetics
X
Define Anasthetics
X
Define Balanced Anesthesia
X
Define Abstinence syndrome
X
Define Analgesics
X
Define Methadone Treatment Program
X
Define Mixed Narcotic agonist-antigonist
X
Define Narcotic
X
Define Narcotic Agonist
X
Define Narcotic Antagonist
X
Define Nociceptors
X
Define Nonnarcotic
X
Define Somatic
X
Define Visceral
X