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29 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
ARISTOTELIAN WORLD VIEW
earth was center of universe; surrounded by 10 crystal spheres
BACON
empirical method; inductive reasoning
BRAHE
astronomer; planets revloved around sun which in turn revolved around earth-moon system
BOYLE
nothing can be known beyond all doubt
COPERNICUS
sun was center of universe; planets around it; destroyed aristotle's view
HELIOCENTRIC THEORY
sun is the center of the universe; Copernicus
GEOCENTRIC THEORY
earth is the center of the universe; Aristotelian
DESCARTES
discovered analytical geometry; algebra &geometry had a direct relationship
DEDUCTIVE REASONING
Descrates; doubt everything &use deductive reasoning; based on facts
INDUCTIVE REASONING
Baconian empiricism; based speculations on other situations
GALILEI
created modern experimental method; law of interia; telescope; tried for heresy &forced to recant [cuz of his beliefs]
NEWTON
3 laws of motion; bodies of universe attract in mathematical relationship [law of universal gravity]
PTOLEMY'S SYSTEM
place for God; compliacted rules used to explain minor irregularities in the movement of planets
ROYAL SOCIETY OF LONDON
established by Charles II; to help sciences
SOCIAL CONTRACT
Rousseau; suggestions in reforming the political system; general will is sacred/absolute; popular sovereignty
ROCOCO
art style that focuses on pastels, interiors, and sentimental portraits
SPIRIT OF LAWS
Montesquieu; separation of powers
ESSAY CONCERNING HUMAN UNDERSTANDING
Locke; tabula rosa theory; ideas result from experience
VOLTAIRE
Deist; mixed glorification w/reason; believed enlightened despot was best form of government; champion of individual rights
DISCOURSES ON THE ORIGINS OF INEQUALITIES
Rousseau; innocence of man and his corruption by society
DEISM
God built the Universe &let it run; deductive method; systematic doubting
ENLIGHTENED DESPOT
an Enlightened ruler; Catherine the Great, Frederick the Great
HUMANITARIANISM
promoting human welfare and social reform
SECOND TREATY OF GOVERNMENT
Locke; government created to protect life, liberty, property
CANDIDE
Voltaire; satirizing society &organized religion in Europe
MONTESQUIEU
sepration of powers; form of government varies according to climate
DEISM
god is seen as "first cause" of universe; operates w/out his intervention
BLAISE PASCAL
reason will bring one to faith&dependence upon divine grace
KEPLER
Laws of Planetary Motion; elliptical velocity of plantes varies according to their distance from sun