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10 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Causation
Proximate/Remote/Ultimate
Correlation

Explain why soda goes flat in the bottle
Cause – the CO2 escapes from the soda
Causal Mechanism
Explains how a cause leads to the effect.

Explain why the sky is blue & sunsets are red
Causal Mechanism – blue light is scattered
Underlying Process
Explains effect by description of a more fundamental process.

Explain why things heat up when placed in the sun
Underlying Process – when EM waves hit the material, energy is absorbed by the atoms, causing them to move faster.
Laws
-explains by reference to a general principle.

Explain why the book falls when you let go of it.
Laws: gravity
Function
explains by the role it places in a larger system.

Explain why sunglasses and car windows are sometimes polarized
Function – prevent glare
Observation
The facts surrounding the phenomenon investigated.
Explanations
A set of conjunctures that if were true would account for the puzzle.

Causes, Causal Mechanisms, Laws, Underlying Process, Function
Comparative Data
Compare two sets of data.

Parents who adopt have another child

Parents who don't adopt ______.
Falsifiability
rule out factors that could account for a failed prediction even if the explanation is right.
Verifiability
rule out factors that could explain a successful prediction if the explanation is wrong.