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14 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
host
a living thing that provides a source of energy for a virus or an organism
virus
a small, nonliving particle that invades and then reproduces inside a living cell
sexual reproduction
invoves tow parents who combine their genetic material to produce a new organism, which differs from both parents
conjugation
one bacterium soem of its genetic material into another bacterial cell through a thin, threadlike bridge that joins the two cells
decomposers
orgainsms that break down large chemicals in dead organisms into small chemicals
respiration
the process of breaking down food to release its energy
cytoplasm
the region inside the cell membrane that contains a gel-like material
endospore
a small, rounded, thick-walled, resting cell that forms inside a bacerial cell, it contains the cells genetic material and some of its cytoplasm
ribosomes
chemical factories where proteins are produced
binary fission
a process in which one cell divides to form two identical cells
flagellum
a long, wiplike structure that extends from the cell membrane and passes out through the cell wall
asexual reproduction
a reproductive process that involves only one parent and produces offspring that are identical to the parent
prarsites
organisms that live on or in a host and cause harm to the host
bacteriphage
a virus that infects bacteria, name means "bacteria eater"