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121 Cards in this Set

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What is tophography?
shape of land determined by elevation, relief and landforms
What is Elevation?
The height above sea level
What is relief?
THe difference in elevation between the highest and lowest parts of an area
What is a landform?
A feature of topography formed by the process that shaped Earth's surface
What is a plain?
A landform made of flat or gently rolling land with low relief
What is a mountain?
A landform with high elevation and high relief.
WHat is a mountain range?
A series of mountains that have the same shape and structure
What is a plaeteau?
A landform that has high elevation and a more or less surface.
What is the Lithosphere?
Earth's solid rock outer layer. one out of four spheres into which scientists divide Earth
WHat is the Atmosphere?
The mixture of gasses that surrounds Earth. The outermost of the four spheres into which scientists divide Earth.
what is the Hydrosphere?
EArth's water and ice. One of the four spheres into which scientists divide Earth
WHat is the Biosphere?
All living things. One of the four spheres scientsist divide Earth.
What is a Topographic map?
A map that shows the surface features on a map.
What is a Countour Line?
A line on a topographic map that connects points of equal elevation.
WHat is a countour interval?
THe difference in elevation from one counter line to the next.
What is a Global Positioning System( GPS)?????????
A method of finding latitude and longitude using salellites.
List the 3 factors that determine the topography of the Earth's surface
Elevation
Relief
landforms
What are the 3 types of landforms
Mountain
Plateau
Plains
List 4 spheres of the Earth
Lithosphere
Atmosphere
Hydrosphere
Biosphere
What is the Lithosphere
The lithosphere is the Earth's outer layer (example, the continents, the ocean floor, islands)
What is atmosphere
The outermost sphere that contains the mixture of gases that surround the planet
what is hydrosphere
Earth's oceans, lakes, rivers and ice. Covers 2/3 of the Earth
What is Biosphere
All living things on Earth and in every different sphere
What imortant way are moutainous landscape regions different from plains and plateaus
Mountains are taller and have higher relief
The shape of the land is referred to as
topography
What is elevation
height above sea level
What is relief
Difference in elevation
what is landform
feature of topography
What is a large area of land where the topography is similiar?
landform REGION
List 5 types of landform regions that are found in the United State
Mountains
Interior Plains/Lowlands
Coastal Plains
Plateaus/Highlands
Plains
Major types of landforms include: (3 items)
Plains
Plateaus
Mountains
What is a plain
Flat land and low relief
What is a mountain
High elevation and high relief
What is a plateau
High elevation and level surface
A plain that lies along a seacoast is called
Coastal Plain
A Plain that lies away from the coast is called
Interior Plain
Is the following sentence true or false?
Interior plains may have high relief
FALSE
hOW IS A PLEATEAU SIMILIAR TO A PLAIN?
They both have low/flat tops and both are landforms
A group of mountains is called a
mountain range
A group of mountain ranges is called
mountain system
A group of mountain ranges and systems is called
mountain belt
Earth's solid, rocky outer layer is called the
lithosphere
True or False
Is the atmosphere the Earth's inner sphere
FALSE
True or False
In the atmosphere, the water vapor condenses to form clouds
true
The atmosphere contains several gases
TRUE
iN THE atmosphere, the most abundant gas is carbon dioxide
False
Earth's oceans, lakes, rivers and ice form the ___
hydrosphere
Is the following statement true or false? Most of the hydrosphere consists of fresh water?
FALSE
What makes up the biosphere
All living things in the air, oceans, or beneath land surface
What is the unit that measures distances around a circle
degree
Feature of topography formed by processes that shape Earth's surface
landform
List of the symbols used on a map
key
model of all or part of Earth's surface as seen from above
map
landform of flat or gently rolling land with low relief
plain
half of the sphere that makes up earth's surface
hemisphere
distance in degrees north or south of the equator
latitutde
imaginary line that circles earth halfway between the poles
equator
picture used by mapmakers to stand for a feature on Earth's surface
symbols
difference in elevation between the highest and lowest parts of an area
relief
mixture of gases that surrounds earth
atmosphere
earth's water and ice
hydrosphere
all living things on earth
biosphere
distance in degrees east or west of the prime meridian
longitude
landform with high elevation and high relief
mountain
______ shows the surface features of an area
topographic map
Topographic map provides highly accurate _____ on the ____, ____ and ___ of the ground surface
INFORMATION on the ELEVATION, RELIEF AND SLOPE of the ground surface
Digitizing is when mapmakers convert the _____ of map _____ to numbers
LOCATION of map POINTS to numbers
What are 3 uses of Topo Maps for businesses
Stores, housing and factories
What is a use of Topo Map for cities
Build new schools
____ are used on the topo maps
sumbols
Coverage: covers all of the U.S. except for
parts of Alaska
Each topo map covers approx ___ sq km.
145
Contour maps connect points of ____ elevation
equal
Contour interval: change in ______ from contour line to _______
change in ELEVATION from contour line to CONTOUR LINE
On a topo map, every _____ line is darker
5th line
GPS stands for
global positioning system
GPS is a method of finding ____, _____ and ____
latitude, longitude and elevation
GPS is a method of finding latitude, longitude and elevation of points of Earth _____ using a network of _____
points of Earth SURFACE using a network of SATELLITES
What is the difference between coastal plains and interior plains
Coastal plains are plains that lie ALONG the coast. whereas Interior Plains are plains that lie AWAY from the coast
What is the main difference between a coastal plain and an interior plain
Coastal Plains are by the coast while interior plains lie AWAY from the coast
A plain is a landform made up of ___ or gently ____ land with ____ relief
FLAT or gently ROLLING land with LOW relief
Name 3 things the lithosphere is made up of
continents, islands, and the ocean
What do you use to find the elevation of a feature on a topograpbic map
contour lines
A _____ is a landform that has high elevation and a more less level surface
plateau
a group of _____ _____ in one area is called a mountain system
mountain ranges
What is the Global Positioning System (GPS)
A system that locates your elevation, latitude and longitude using satellites
The topography of an area depends on what 3 things
elevation
relief
landforms
what is a landform region
an area of land where the topography is similiar
On a topographic map, what do contour lines connect
the contour interval - places with equal elevation
What does elevation mean
height above sea level
What is the elevation difference between one contour line and the next called
contour interval
who is a depression shown on a topo map?
a closed loop with dashes inside
relief is _____
distance from the highes and lowest points in an area
What is the main difference between a coastal plain and an interior plain
Coastal Plains are by the coast while interior plains lie AWAY from the coast
A plain is a landform made up of ___ or gently ____ land with ____ relief
FLAT or gently ROLLING land with LOW relief
Name 3 things the lithosphere is made up of
continents, islands, and the ocean
What do you use to find the elevation of a feature on a topograpbic map
contour lines
A _____ is a landform that has high elevation and a more less level surface
plateau
a group of _____ _____ in one area is called a mountain system
mountain ranges
What is the Global Positioning System (GPS)
A system that locates your elevation, latitude and longitude using satellites
The topography of an area depends on what 3 things
elevation
relief
landforms
what is a landform region
an area of land where the topography is similiar
On a topographic map, what do contour lines connect
the contour interval - places with equal elevation
What does elevation mean
height above sea level
What is the elevation difference between one contour line and the next called
contour interval
who is a depression shown on a topo map?
a closed loop with dashes inside
relief is _____
distance from the highes and lowest points in an area
What is the main difference between a coastal plain and an interior plain
Coastal Plains are by the coast while interior plains lie AWAY from the coast
A plain is a landform made up of ___ or gently ____ land with ____ relief
FLAT or gently ROLLING land with LOW relief
Name 3 things the lithosphere is made up of
continents, islands, and the ocean
What do you use to find the elevation of a feature on a topograpbic map
contour lines
A _____ is a landform that has high elevation and a more less level surface
plateau
a group of _____ _____ in one area is called a mountain system
mountain ranges
What is the Global Positioning System (GPS)
A system that locates your elevation, latitude and longitude using satellites
The topography of an area depends on what 3 things
elevation
relief
landforms
what is a landform region
an area of land where the topography is similiar
On a topographic map, what do contour lines connect
the contour interval - places with equal elevation
What does elevation mean
height above sea level
What is the elevation difference between one contour line and the next called
contour interval
who is a depression shown on a topo map?
a closed loop with dashes inside
relief is _____
distance from the highes and lowest points in an area