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30 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
What does everything have in common. (desk,table,chair)
They're all made up of atoms.
Protons are...
Positively charged
Neutrons are...
Neutral
Electrons are...
Negatively charged
If the mineral has 12 protons, 6 neutrons, and 13 electrons, what is it's atomic number?
12
If an atom gains or loses electrons...
it gets an electrical charge
what happens when there are equal number of protons and electrons in an atom?
The atom is electrically charged.
What is an Isotope?
Atoms of an element that have different or differing numbers of neutrons.
what is it called when ina bond that electrons are given or taken away?
Ionic bond (Weak bond) table salt
What bond is it when electrons are shared
Covalent Bond (Strong bond) water
What are silicates?
A combination of silicon and oxygen in a mineral. EX: Quartz and Feldspar
Carbonates are?
A combination of carbon and oxygen. EX: Calcite
Sulfates are?
Combination of sulfer and oxygen. EX: Gypsum
Oxides are?
Oxygen bonded to another element.
Halides and Sulfides are
Minerals that contain NO oxygen
What does gold, silver, copper, nickel, and iron have in common?
They are all native elements
What are 3 things that you can do to test minerals?
The color, streak, luster, hardness, break, or special properties...3 of these.
What is the least dependable characteristic?
Color.
What does luster mean?
How light bounces off the mineral, metallic or non metallic.
If a mineral is harder than a steel nail but is softer than a glass plate, what scale is it between?
6
What are the first ten elements?
Hydrogen, Helium, Lithium, Beryllium, Boron, Carbon, Nitrogen, Oxygen, Flouriene, Neon.
What is fools gold?
Pyrite
What color streak is gypsum?
White
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