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21 Cards in this Set

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the process by which cells break down molecules to release energy w/ out using oxygen
fermentation
the process by which cells break down simple food molecules to release the energy they contain
respiration
an organism that can't make its own food
heterotroph
a green pigment found in the chloroplasts of plants,algae,and some bacteria
chlorophyll
the final stage of the cell cycle in which the cells cytoplasm divides, distributing the organelles into each of the new cells
cytokinesis
a mass of abnormal cells that develops when cancerous cells divide and grow uncontrollably
tumor
the process by which a cell makes a copy of DNA in the nucleus
replication
synthesis is
to put together
photo means
light
the stage of the cell cycle during which the cells nucleus divides into 2 new nuclei and one copy of DNA is distributed into each daughter cell
mitosis
a colored chemical compound thats absorbs light
pigment
a disease in which some body cells grow and divide uncontrollably,damaging the parts of the body around them
cancer
a change in a gene or chromosome
mutation
the regular sequence of growth and division a cell undergoes
cell cycle
the use of drugs to kill cancer cells
chemotherapy
an organism that can't makes it own food
autotroph
one of the identical rods of chromosome
chromotid
the stage of the cell cycle that takes place before cell division occurs;during this stage,the cell grows copies of its DNA,and prepares to divide
interphase
process by which plants and some organisms capture the energy in sunlight and use it to make food
photosynthesis
small openings on the underside of a leaf through which oxygen and carbon can move
stomata
a double rod of condensed chromatin; contains DNA that carries genetic information
chromosome