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120 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
  • 3rd side (hint)
Science
The realm of knowledge based on study and observation
Biology
The study of living things
Geology
The study of the Earth and rocks
Astronomy
The study of space
Chemistry
The study of chemicals
Physics
The study of motion, matter, energy, and forces
Ecology
The study of living things and their enviornment
Anatomy
The study of bodily structures
Physiology
The study of bodily functions
Inference
An Educated guess or hypothesis
Nature
The physical universe
Adaption
To make suitable or fit
Evolution
The process of changing over time
Homeostasis
Maintaining stable internal conditions despite the presence of change
Niche
The role of an organism within it's enviornment and community
Cell
Small basic unit of all living things
Tissue
A group or mass of ceolls
Organ
Part of an organism with a particular purpose, made up of tissues and cells
Habitat
Where an organism lives
Fitness
The way that an organism is suited or adapted to survive in it's enviornment
Organism
A living thing
Response
A reaction to a change in the enviornment
Reproduction
Living things make more of their own kind
Ingestion
When living things take in food and water from the outside
Digestion
When living things break down food into a usable form
Respiration
The release of energy by combining oxygen with digested foods
Excretion
Getting rid of waste products
Circulation
The movement of useful products to all parts of an organism and the carrying away of waste products
Predator
An organism that feeds on another organism for food (prey)
Trophic Level
Feeding level (For examples, producers, 1 consumers, 2 consumers)
Endotherm
An organism that generates its own body heat and controls it's own body teperature
Exotherm
An organism that does not generate its own body heat and relies on its external enviornment to control it's body temperature
Vertebrate
An animal that has a backbone
Invertebrate
An animal that does not have a backbone
Decomposer
An organism that breaks down dead matter into smaller re-usable nutrients
Anti-
against
Arth-
Joint, jointed
Auto-
Self
Bio-
Living, related to life
Chloro-
Green
Cyto-
Cell
Di-
Double
Epi-
Above
Exo-
Outer, external
Gastro-
Stomach
Hemo-
Blood
Herb-
Pertaining to Plants
Hetero-
Different
Homeo- (Or homo-)
Same
Macro-
Large
Micro-
Small
Multi-
Consisting of many units
Osteo-
Bone
Photo-
Pertaining to light
-Plasm
Forming substance
Proto-
First
Syn-
Together
-Cyst
Pouch
-Derm
Layer
-Gen
Producing
-Itis
Inflammmation
-Logy
Study
-Meter
Measurement
-Osis
Condition, Disease
-Phase
Stage
-Phage
Eater
-Pod
Foot
Ecosystem
All living and nonliving things
Organ
A structure in the body taht is composed of different types of tissue for one function
Organ System
A group of organs that work together to perform a major function in the body
Tissue
A group of similar cells that perform the same function
Cell
The basic unit of structure and function in a living thing
Population
The number of organisms (One species only)
Community
The number of all living things
Atom
The smallest form of an element
Flexion
Decrease the angle between two bones (contract)
Biceps relax while Triceps contract vice versa
Extension
Increasing the agnle between two bones (relax)
Triceps relax while Biceps contract vice versa
Metabolism
The sum of all chemical reactions in the body (anabolism + catabolism)
Slow metabolism = not enough excercise
Anabolism
The process of putting together compounds
H 0 (Hydrogen, plus oxygen)
2
Catabolism
The process of breaking down compounds
H 0 (One Hydrogen, 2 Oxy.)
2
Locomotion
The movement of an organism
Walking, Running, Soccer,
X-C Skiing, etc.)Anything that involves movement
Absorption
The process of taking in nutrients
Eat a hamburger
(Saturated Fat, Protein get absorbed)
Voluntary
Under conscious control (You do it by thinking about it)
Moving arms, legs, neck, moving anything) Breathing = voluntary, involuntary
Blinking = voluntary, involuntary
Involuntary
Not under conscious control (You don't have to think about it)
Digestive System (Digesting foods)
Circulatry System (Heart, blood vessels etc.)
Integument
The skin
Skin! :)
Carbohydrate
Compounds made up of C, H, and O and provide the raw materials to make parts of cells
(Bread, Pasta, Grains) CANDY!
:) (Fruits)
Protein
Nutrients that are needed for tissue growth and repair and play a part in chemical reactions with cells, they are made up of C,H, O and nitrogen
(Meats, eggs, legumes, beans, fish, meats group)
Fat
High energy nutrients, twice as many calories as carbohydrates, made up of C,H,and 0
Sweets, candy, cookies, sugar filled foods, oils, butters, grease)
Organic
Compounds made up of carbon and other elements
Living things
Inorganic
Compounds that lack carbon
Nonliving things
Anti-
against
Arth-
Joint, jointed
Auto-
Self
Bio-
Living, related to life
Chloro-
Green
Cyto-
Cell
Di-
Double
Epi-
Above
Exo-
Outer, external
Gastro-
Stomach
Hemo-
Blood
Herb-
Pertaining to Plants
Hetero-
Different
Homeo- (Or homo-)
Same
Macro-
Large
Micro-
Small
Multi-
Consisting of many units
Osteo-
Bone
Photo-
Pertaining to light
-Plasm
Forming substance
Proto-
First
Syn-
Together
-Cyst
Pouch
-Derm
Layer
-Gen
Producing
-Itis
Inflammmation
-Logy
Study
-Meter
Measurement
-Osis
Condition, Disease
-Phase
Stage