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14 Cards in this Set

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Genetics
study of heredity; how traits are passed along from parents to offspring
Traits
specific characteristics of individuals (eye color, height, and blood type)
Genes
small segments of DNA that code for a specific traits
Alleles
a different form of a gene; all of the possible variations of a gene
Dominants
when two different alleles are presented the dominant allele is the one that is shown; it hides the other cells
Recessive
when two different alleles are present, the recessive allele is the one that is not shown; it is hidden by the dominant allele
Mendel
An Austrailan man in the 1800's who used pea plants to discover how genetics are presented from one generation to another
True-Breeding
If a plant pollinates itself, its makes a copy of itself
Self-Pollinate
sperm cells in pollin fertilize the eggs cells in the same flower
Cross-Pollinate
dusting pollin from one plant to another
Purebread
plants that are identical to the parent
Hybrid
offspring of parents with different traits
Phenotype
physical characterics
(what we see)
Genotype
genetic make up