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20 Cards in this Set

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Early Modern Era
Spread of Christianity to Asia, Africa, Natives. Christianity achieves a global presence. Tension between religion and science. The early modern era was a time of transformation. Christianity and science connected ppl.
Globalization of Christianity
Division b/n Roman Catholic vs. Eastern Orthodox. Loss of Holy Land. Fall of Constantinople.
Protestant Reformation
Martin Luthers 95 Theses asking for debate about church abuses. Criticized church with questions. New salvation thru faith not good works or Bible. Takes power out of church leaders and questioned Popes authority. But only Quakes gave women a role in the church.
Counter Reformation
The council of Trent lasted 18 yrs and was to clarify doctrines/practices. Corrected abuses and corruption and put new emphasis on educ and supervising priests. Led to skepticism toward authority and tradition.
Jesuits
committed to renewal and expansion
"Knowledge is Power"
Francis Bacon
The Birth of Modern Science
The Scientific Revolution was based on observation, experiments, laws to explain world. Altered ideas abt humankind and challenged the church as well as the hierarchy .
Why did Europe surpass other countries in the scientific revolution?
Islam and China were well more advanced than Europe but didnt allow science to be taught. Then European universities gained intellectual autonomy. Skepticism led way for modern science to emerge. .
What did Nicolaus Copernicus discover?
The Earth revolved around the sun.
Geocentric Model
The Earth is at the center of the universe with the sun, moon, and stars revolving around it
Heliocentric Model
The sun is the center of the universe with the planets revolving around it.
Sir Isaac Newton
The apogee of the scientific revolution. Nature laws govern the world, not by angels and demons but through math. Said that knowledge of the universe can be obtained thru reason. Church opposed all of this but no early scientists rejected Christianity.
Burning of Giordano Bruno
burned for proclaiming an infinite universe.
Adam Smith
formulated economic laws
Immanuel Kant
defined enlightenment as a "daring to know".
John Locke
had ideasof constitutional government
Enlightenment Thinkers beliefs?
Knowledge could transform human society. Tended to be critical toward authorities. Attacked government, divine right and aristocratic privilege. Advocated education for women.
Pantheists
God and nature are equal.
Treatise on Toleration
Voltaire attacked organized religion
Jean-Jacques Rousseau
man should look to nature for learning and not book learning