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56 Cards in this Set

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Two or more organs interacting chemically, physically, or both in ways that contribute to the survival of the whole organism
Organ System
Smallest living unit; may live independently or may be part of a multicellular organism
Cell
Smallest unit of an element that retains the properties of that element
Atom
A structural unit in which tissues are combined in specific amounts and patterns that allow them to perform a common task
Organ
A unit of two of more atoms of the same of different elements bonded together
Molecule
Individual composed of specialized, indepentdent cells arranged in tissues, organs, and often organ systems
Multicellular Organism
Membranous sacs of other compartments that separate different metabolic reactions inside the cell
Organelle
A group of cells and intercellular substances functioning together in a specialized activity
Tissue
Two or more organs interacting chemically, physically, or both in ways that contribute to the survival of the whole organism
Organ System
Smallest living unit; may live independently or may be part of a multicellular organism
Cell
Smallest unit of an element that retains the properties of that element
Atom
A structural unit in which tissues are combined in specific amounts and patterns that allow them to perform a common task
Organ
A unit of two of more atoms of the same of different elements bonded together
Molecule
Individual composed of specialized, indepentdent cells arranged in tissues, organs, and often organ systems
Multicellular Organism
Membranous sacs of other compartments that separate different metabolic reactions inside the cell
Organelle
A group of cells and intercellular substances functioning together in a specialized activity
Tissue
Cheek Cells
List 4
-thin and flat
-fit together but overlap
-several layers thick
-top layers worn away when we eat and the ones beneath replace them
Blood Cells (Red):
List 6
-flat disks, thinner in the middle
-no nucleus and never reproduces
-contain hemoglobin
-carry oxygen from lungs to other parts of the body
-5,000,000 in drop of blood
-Connective
Blood Cells (White):
List 5
-Larger than red blood cells
-have nuclei
-keeps blood clean by eating bacteria
-7,500 in drop of blood
-Connective
Lymph Tissue Cells:
List 4
-located in many parts of the body
-similar to white blood cell
-destroy bacteria in the lymph tissue
-Connective
Bone Cells:
List 4
-manufacture chemical that leaves the cell and hardens in the space between
-contains calcium and phosphorus
-nerves running through (B) bring food and oxygemn to the bone cells
-Connective
Voluntary Muscle Cells:
List 5
-contain many long fibers which can shorten and pull with great force
-act only when we wish them to
-called striated because striped
-40% of avg body weight consists of this
-Muscle
Involuntary Muscle Cells:
List 5
-located in many parts
-help us swallow and digest food
-work without thought
-called "smooth" muscles
-Muscle
Nerve Cells:
List 5
-have extensions that go beyond the slide
-shaped like long wires to carry messages
-can keep their information
-can send out messages for a long time
-Nervous
Gland Cells:
List 3
-produce a substance that bursts from the cell and enters the duct
-flows into the intestine where it mixes with food
-Epithelial
L1=
Amount of lines seen through the lens when it is on the paper
L2=
Amount of lines seen through the lens when it is the farthest up before it goes out of focus
M=
Magnification
M=(Equation)
L1÷L2
Spell the name of the man that discovered "animalcules"
A-N-T-O-N-I_V-A-N_L-E-E-U-W-E-N-H-O-E-K
Where was Antoni born?
Delft, Holland in 1632
His father was a...
basket weaver
His mother's family were...
brewers
In 1648, went to ___1___ to apprentice in a shop that sold __2__
1=Amsterdam
2=cloth
In 1654, he married...
Barbara de Mey
She died in...
1666
L2=
Amount of lines seen through the lens when it is the farthest up before it goes out of focus
M=
Magnification
M=(Equation)
L1÷L2
Spell the name of the man that discovered "animalcules"
A-N-T-O-N-I_V-A-N_L-E-E-U-W-E-N-H-O-E-K
Where was Antoni born?
Delft, Holland in 1632
His father was a...
basket weaver
His mother's family were...
brewers
In 1648, went to ___1___ to apprentice in a shop that sold __2__
1=Amsterdam
2=cloth
In 1654, he married...
Barbara de Mey
She died in...
1666
a magnifier with a single lens
simple microscope
who made Micrographia?
Robert Hooke
reported his first observations to..
The Royal Society Of London
Appointed a member in
1680
He used...
simple microscopes
first to observe
red blood cells clearly
founder of
protozoology-the study of protozoa
discovered
animalcules- meaning little animals
made some of the most important discoveries in
biology
used ________ section at the bottom of blown glass bubbles and grinded them to make powerful lenses
thicker