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57 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
algae
the smallest of the plants containing chlorophyll
plankton
microorganisms that live near the surface of the water and provide food for larger organisms
aquatic food chain
algae act as producers, organisms that feed on algae act as primary consumers, those which eat the algae-eaters act as secondary consumers
aquatic food chain producers
algae
aquatic food chain primary consumers
organisms that feed on algae
aquatic food chain secondary consumers
those which eat the algae-eaters
green algae
the largest group of algae
colonies
variously sized and shaped clusters which are formed from one-celled green algae
volvox
an example of colonial green algae
filaments
long chains resembling hairs which are made up of groups of single-celled green algae which line up end to end
spirogyra
filamentous green algae which can be recognized by their one or more ribbon-like chloroplasts arranged in a spiraling pattern
yellow algae
a type of algae containing a yellow or brown pigment in addition to the chlorophyll causing the plants to appear yellow-green or golden-brown
diatoms
the most numerous of the yellow algae, the second most abundant life form on earth
silica
the hard substance in sand and glass
diatomite
a layer made up of the discarded remains of a diatom's outer cell wall
brown algae
nearly all of this species of algae live in the ocean, including seaweeds such as kelp, rockweeds, and gulfweeds
kelps
the largest of the brown algaes
algin
a gummy substance produced by kelp which is used in making such products as salad dressings, skin lotions, aspirin and puddings
red algae
this species of algae is like brown algae in that it is mostly a marine algae, however it's color ranges from red to green to purple
Irish moss
a species of red algae which produces carrageenin
carrageenin
a jellylike substance used in the production of many foods which is produced by Irish moss
eukaryotes
organisms with organized nuclei
prokaryotes
single-celled organiss that have no organized nuclei
blue-green algae
particularly hardy prokaryotes which can thrive in environments that would cause certain death in most other organism
Anabaena
a genus of nitrogen-fixing freshwater blue-green algae whose cells look like tiny beads or barrels
bacteria
what all prokaryotes are known as
E. coli
one of the best-known species of bacteria which has provided much of our present understanding of heredity
heredity
the transmission of characteristics from parent to offspring by means of genes in the chromosomes of cells
fungi
a large group of plants which break down the complex molecules of plans and animals into simpler ones that can be used by other lining organisms
saprophytes
organisms that obtain their nourishment from dead organisms
decomposers
organisms that break down the complex molecules of plants and animals into simpler ones that can be used by other living organisms
mycologist
a scientist who studies fungi
hyphae
threadlike structures which make up the bodies of most fungi
club fungi
the most familiar fungi which includes mushrooms and toadstools and produce spores in club-shaped structures
fruiting body of a fungus
includes a stalk of tightly bound hyphae and a spore-forming cap
basida
club-shaped structures which produce spores that are located in the gills
puffball
a macroscopic club fungus that bursts when mature, releasing a cloud of brown spores
bracket fungi
also known as shelf fungi, they differ from club fungi in that they grow slowly and have no gills
fungi
a large group of plants which break down the complex molecules of plans and animals into simpler ones that can be used by other lining organisms
saprophytes
organisms that obtain their nourishment from dead organisms
decomposers
organisms that break down the complex molecules of plants and animals into simpler ones that can be used by other living organisms
mycologist
a scientist who studies fungi
hyphae
threadlike structures which make up the bodies of most fungi
club fungi
the most familiar fungi which includes mushrooms and toadstools and produce spores in club-shaped structures
fruiting body of a fungus
includes a stalk of tightly bound hyphae and a spore-forming cap
basida
club-shaped structures which produce spores that are located in the gills
puffball
a macroscopic club fungus that bursts when mature, releasing a cloud of brown spores
bracket fungi
also known as shelf fungi, they differ from club fungi in that they grow slowly and have no gills
alternate parasite
a parasite that mush have two hosts in order to complete its life cycle
smuts
parasitic fungi that produce masses of black spores
bread mold
the ost common type of mold
cheese molds
molds used in the production of cheese
sac fungi
a group of fungi which includes such organisms as yeasts and mildews and make up the largest group of fungi
yeast
a small, colorless organism that eats food containing sugar
fermentation
the process by which sugar is converted into alcohol by yeast
budding
the process by which yeasts reproduce
mildew
a common sac fungus which is often found growing on plants