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30 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Color
least reliable property
Luster
way mineral reflects light
If it's metallic then it...
shines like a metal
Acid Test
if bubbles then it has calcium carbonate
Mineral
naturally occuring, inorganic solid with an orderly crystalline structure and a defentie chemical composition
Element
substance that cannot be broken down into simple substances by chemical or physical means
Compound
substance that consists of 2 or more elements that are chemically combined
Magma
a body of molten rock found at depth
Lava
Magma that reaches the earth's surface
Hardness
resistance to scratching; best test
Cleavage
the way a mineral breaks
Fracture
when mineral breaks unevenly
Specific Gravity
comparing mineral's mass to an equal volume of water
Streak
color of mineral powdered
What color streak does a metallic element have in comparison to a non?
metallic- dark
non-metallic--- light
Crystal
external appearance of a mineral as determined by its internal arrangement of atoms
Gems
precious minerals
Quartz- chemical name, used and found in.., makes...
SiO2, used in glass, found in sand, makes some gemstones
Atom
smallest particle of matter that contains the characteristics of an element
the Silicate family contains
metal, silicon, and oxygen
-- biggest family
the Carbonates family contains
metal, carbon, oxygen
the Oxides family contains
metal, oxygen
the Sulfides family contains
metal and sulfur
the Sulfates family contains
metal, sulfur, and oxygen
the Halides family contains
metal, chlorine, fluorine, iodine, bromine
Isotopes
atoms with same number of protons but different number of neutrons
Ionic Bond
between positive and negative ions
Covalent Bond
atoms share electrons
Metallic Bond
electrons shared by metal ions
2 most abundant elements in the earth
oxygen and silicon