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25 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Water Vapor
The gaseous form of water.
Groundwater
Water that fills the cracks and spaces in underground soil and rock.
Water Cycle
Continuous process by which water moves through the living and nonliving parts of the environment.
Evaporation
Process by which molecules at the surface of a liquid absorb enough energy to change to the gaseous state.
Transpiration
Water is given off through the leaves as water vapor.
Precipitation
Water that falls to the earth as rain, snow, sleet, or hail.
Irrigation
Process of supplying water to areas of land to make them suitable for growing crops.
Photosynthesis
Process by which plants use water plus carbon dioxide and energy from the sun to make food.
Habitat
The place where an organism lives and that provides the things that it needs to survive.
Tributary
The smaller streams and rivers that feed into a main river.
Watershed
The land area that supplies water to a river system.
Divide
A ridge of land that seperates one drainage basin or watershed from another.
Levee
A long ridge formed by deposites of sediments alongside a river channel.
Reservoir
A naturl or artificial lake that stores water for human use.
Eutrophication
The process by which nutrients in a lake build up over time, causing an increase in the growth of algae.
Pore
A tiny opening in and between particles of rock and soil that may contain air or water.
Permeable
Allow water to pass through it easily.
Impermeable
Does not allow water to pass through it easily.
Saturated Zone
A layer of permeable rock or soil in which the cracks and pores are completely filled with water.
Water Table
The top of the saturated zone, or depth to the groundwater in an aquifer.
Unsaturated Zone
A layer of rocks and soil above the water table in which the pores contain air as well as water.
Aquifer
An underground layer of rock or soil that holds water.
Spring
A place where groundwater bubbles or flows out of cracks in the rocks.
Recharge
New water that enters an aquifer from the surface.
Artesian Well
A well in which water rises because of pressure within the aquifer.