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20 Cards in this Set

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A model or representation of the Earth's surface
Map
A fixed place on the Earth's surface from which direction or location can be described.
Reference Point
North, South, East and West
Cardinal Directions
The geographic North Pole
True North
The angle of correction between magnetic north and geographic north
Magnetic Declination
The circle halfway between the poles that divides the earth into North and South Hemispheres.
Equator
Imaginary lines run east -west. Distance north or south measured by degrees from the equator
Latitude
Imaginary lines run north-south. Distance east west measured by degress from the
prime meridian
Longitude or meridians
Meridian selected to be 0. Runs through Greenwich, England.
Prime meridian
A map projection that results when the contents of the globe are transferred onto a cylinder of paper
Mercator Projection
A map projection that results when the contents of the globe are transferred onto a cone
Conic Projection
A map projection that results when the contents of the globe are transferred onto a plane
Azimuthal Projection
Photographs from the air.
Aerial Photographs
Gathering information about something without actually being there
Remote Sensoring
A map that shows surface features or topographic. Shows natural resources
Topographic Map
The height of an object above sea level.
Elevation
Lines that connect points of equal elevation.
Contour lines
Differnce in elevation between one contour line and the next.
Contour Interval
Difference in elevation between the highest and lowest points of the area being mapped.
Relief
A darker, heavier contour line that is usually every fifth line and is labeled by elevation
Index Contour