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46 Cards in this Set

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Muscular contractions at the base of the penis, forcefully discharge semen through the uretrha. Sperm leave the body in a process called
Ejactulation
Coiled tubes located behind each testicle where sperm mature
Epididymis
Located just below the prostate gland and connected to the urethra are two small glands that secrete an alkaline fluid
Cowpers gland
The white fluid which carries sperm
Semen
Samll tube that transports mature sperm cells from the epididymis
Vas deferens
Once a month, how many follicles fully mature and reach the surface of the ovary?
1
What is a passageway which carries fluid wastes and semen from the body
Urethra
What happens when the ovum and sperm unite in the Fallopian tube
Conception
What carries the ovum from the ovary to the uterus - they are flexible muscular tubes that extend about 4 inches from the uterus
Fallopian tubes
What is the small muscular opening that separates the uterus from the vagina and dilates at birth
Cervix
What is also called the womb? It is a hollow, pear shaped muscular organ.
Uterus
The testicles are located between a man's legs inside a skin-covered sac called
Scrotum
At the far ends of the Fallopian tubes are finger like extensions are
Fimbria
Women by experience discomfort during menstruation that is affected by changes in
Hormones
During the first two months the fertilized egg is called
Embryo
Menstruation, or periods, come how often?
Once a month or about every 28 days
The thick cord that connects the placenta to the embryo which provides nutrients from the mother
Umbilical cord
Process during which the uterine muscles contract to expel the fetus
Labor
The scrotum controls the temperature of the
Testicles
The tube like external male sex organ
Penis
What is the small gland attached to each vas deferens that secretes fructose for nourishment for sperm
Seminal vesicle
When a baby can not be delivered through the birth canal, the doctor may make an incision in the abdomen and lift the baby out. This is called a
Caesarean section
These twins develop from the same embryo. They share the same placenta with different amniotic sacs. They look exactly alike.
Identical twins
The continuous process that links one menstrual period to the next and the release of an ovum by an ovary is called
Menstrual cycle
Each ovum in enclosed in a tiny sac called a
Follicle
The embryo is wrapped in fluid filled protective covering called
Amniotic sac
The elastic muscular passage extending from the vulva to the uterus. It is also called the birth canal
Vagina
The part of the endometrium that thickens and its supply of blood are discharged through the vagina in a process called
Menstruation
When the ovum is released, the fimbria moves in waves to draw the ovum into the fallopian tube. After it is in the fallopian tube, the follicle changes to form a
Corpus luteum
These 2 structures are located on each side of the uterus and contain the female reproductive cells - ova
Ovaries
Approximately once a month, an egg is released by an ovary. This monthly release of an egg is called
Ovulation
If a woman is not pregnant, the egg is not fertilized, the lining of the endometrium flows through the uterus and out the vagina. This monthly process is called
Menstruation
Estrogen is a male or female hormone?

Testosterone is a male or female hormone?
Female

Male
After the second month and until the 9th month, the fertilized egg is called a
Fetus
What kind of twin occur when an ovary releases more than one egg and each eff is fertilized by a different sperm cell?
Fraternal twins
What kind of birth is it when the feet or buttock of the baby come out first?
Breech birth
The release of the ovum that occurs on about the 14th day of the menstrual cycle is called
Ovulation
Male external organ that produces sperm and testosterone
Testicles
Circular fold of skin that covers and protects the glans
Foreskin
When the penis is in a nonerect state it is
Flaccid
When sexually aroused, the penis fills with blood and gets larger and firm. This is called an
Erection
This gland surrounds the urethra near the base of the urinary bladder and secretes a clear fluid that preserves sperm.
Prostate gland
Where does fertilization occur in the female
Fallopian tube
The inner lining of the uterus
Endometrium
Surgical procedure after birth to remove the foreskin
Circumcision
Special organ that surrounds the embryo and provides oxygen, blood and nourishment
Placenta