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58 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
The ________ is a passageway for both food and air.
pharynx
What is the airway to which your vocal cords are attached?
larynx
________ in cigarette smoke is the greatest contributor to lung cancer.
tar
Unlikee inorganic nutrients, organic nutrients contains _______.
carbon
Milk, cheese, and ____ contain all the essential amino acids.
eggs
Starches are found in foods like _____.
grains
Where does most digestionb occur?
duodenm
What is produced by bacteria in the large intestine?
vitamins
Which vitamin isn't used for growth?
K
Which organs produces enzymes that digest proteins, fats, and carbohydrates!
pancreas
Of the six kinds of nutrients available in food, which are able to be absorbed directly into the bloodstream?
minerals and water
Your body doesn't digest fiber. Why then is fiber necessary for good health?
Fiber helps move undigested wastes through your digestive system.
What does meiosis produce?
cells with identical chromosomes
Which of the following doesn't form during plant cell mitosis, but does form in animal mitosis?
centrioles
How do hydra reproduce?
Budding
In which of the following does a new organism grow from just a part of the parent organism?
fission
If a diploid tomato cell has 24 chromosomes, how many chromosomes will the tomato's sex cells have?
12
How is RNA different from DNA?
it is single stranded and has the base urasil
When the sun, moon, and Earth form a right angle, we have
_____ tides.
neap
What increases when a deep-water wave approaches shallow water?
wave length increases
What is the most common ocean element?
chloride
The Coriolis effect causes currents in the Northern Hemisphere to turn in which direction?
clockwise
What are the different forms a gene may have for a trait?
alleles
How many alleles control blood type in humans?
3
How is blood type inherited?
multiple alleles
How is eye shape inherited?
polygenic inheritance
How is sickle cell anemia inherited?
recessive genes
The smooth, flexible layer of tissue covering the ends of bone is...
cartilage
Vitamin D helps the body absorb
calcium
The hard, strong layer of bone is called__________
compact bone
One function of spongy bone is
to make the bone lightweight
What kind of bone cells break down bone tissue?
osteoclasts
How do muscles work?
In groups
Cartilage in a baby's skeleton is broken down and replaced by which of the following kind of bone?
osteoblasts
You take a bite of your hamburger and chew it. What kind of muscles are involved in these actions?
voluntary
What kind of movable joints do finger have
hinge
What nutrient is found in bones
calcium
In vision, light rays pass through the ________ first.
Cornea
The releasing of saliva is an example of the________hard at work.
cerebrum
Reflex responses are controlled in your
spinal cord
What part of the neuron receives messages?
dendrite
One job of the _______gland is to keep the amount of calcium at a steady level in your bloodstream.
parathyroid
How do impulses cross synapses?
chemical
What part of the brain cotnrols voluntary muscles?
cerebellum
What is controlled by the somatic division of the PNS?
skeletal muscles
Where does oxygen rich blood enter first?
left atrium
What is circulation to all body organs?
systemic
where is blood under the greatest pressure?
arteries
What kind of antigen does type of blood have?
None
What is the largest filtering lymph organ?
spleen
Blood in veins is...
a.high in oxygen
b.high in nutrients
c.low in wastes
d. low in oxygen
d.
In systemic circulation, blood returns from your abdomen through the inferior vena cava to the
right atrium
Hemoglobin picks up
carbon dioxide and wastes
Anemia is a disorder in which there are too few _________in blood
RBCs
Leukemia is a disease in which __________ are produced in great numbers.
WBCs
How many chambers does the human heart contain?
4
Which of the following isn't involved in the systemic circulation?
a.aorta
b.superior vc
c.inferior vc
d.pulmonary artery
d
What blood vessels bring blood towards the heart?
veins