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52 Cards in this Set

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tropopsphere
first layer of the atmosphere where most variable conditions are.
atmosphere
Layer of gases that surrounds earth
ozone
gases in the stratosphere that protect us from ultraviolet rays
heterozygeous
two traits different ex: Tt
homozygeous
two traits the same ex: TT
Where does fertilization take place?
oviducts
When can fertilization take place?
A few days after ovulation
When does ovulation take place?
14 days into the menstrual cycle
What do the testes produce?
testosterone, sperm, semen
What do the ovaries produce?
estrogen & eggs
Where are meteroids found?
the mezosphere
weather
condition of earths atmosphere at particular time and place
atmosphere
the layer of gases that surrounds the planet
atmosphere made up of % ________, % ____________, and %______________.
78% nitrogen, 21%oxygen, and.036%carbon dioxide
Tropopsphere
closest to earth where all of our wather takes place
Where can you find the most variable conditions?
tropopsphere
Ozone
Protects us from ultra violet rays found in the statosphere
Stratosphere
where ozone is
Mesosphere
where you would find a meteriod
Barometer
an istrument used to measure changes in pressure
Pressure
a force pushing on an area or surface
Evaporation
the process by which water molecules in liquid water escape into the air
Humidity
the amount of water vapor in the air
Egg
female sex cell
sperm
male sex cell
Fertilization
The joining of the sperm and the egg
Reproduction
The process of which living things produce new individuals of the same type
Hypothalamus
A tiny part of your brain near the middle of the head, is the link between the two systems.
Pituitary Gland
Communicates with the hypothalamus to control many body activities.
Hormone
The chemical product of an endocrine gland. Hormones turn on, turn off, speed up, slow down the activities of different organs and tissues
Traits
A characteristic that a parent can pass to offspring through it’s genes
Allele
Different forms of a gene (example: ice cream flavors, and only being able to pick two of them.
Dominant Allele
Always shows up in the organism if the allele is present.
Recessive Allele
Is an allele that is covered up when a dominant allele is present, and is only present when two recessive alleles are present.
Ionosphere
Ions in the ionosphere reflect radio waves back to Earth. The aurora borealis occurs in the ionosphere
Exosphere
Phone calls and television pictures often reach you by way of communications satellites that orbit Earth in the exosphere
As altitude increases…temperature-
decreases
Dew Point
The temperature at which condensation begins
Warm air holds more ____________ than cool air
moisture
More air pressure at ___________ than up in the _____________
sea level, mountains
Evaporation
The process by which water molecules in liquid water escape into the air as water vapor.
Condensation
The process by which molecules of water vapor in the air become liquid water.
Atomic Number
The number of protons in the nucleus of an atom
Atomic mass
the average mass of an elements atoms
Oxygen
O , 8
Hydrogen
H, 1
Nitrogen
N, 7
Sodium
NA, 11
Helium
He, 2
Iron
Fe, 26
Carbon
C,6
Calcium
Ca, 20