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28 Cards in this Set

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Q
storm?
A
A violent disturbance in the atmosphere
Q
thunderstorm?
A
heavy rainstorms accompanied by thunder and lighting
Q
What cloud type is associated with thunderstorms?
A
cumulonimbus clouds
Q
Where do thunderstorms form?
A
within large cumulonimbus clouds, also called thunderheads
Q
lightning?
A
a sudden spark, or energy discharge.
Q
What causes lightning?
A
Electrical charges jump between parts of a cloud, between nearby clouds, or between a cloud and the ground.
Q
tornado?
A
a rapidly whirling, funnel-shaped cloud that reaches down from a storm sloud to touch the Earth's surface.
Q
Where is the safest place to be during a tornado?
A
In the basement of a well-built building.
Q
evacuate?
A
to move away temporarily
Q
hurricane?
A
a tropical storm that has winds of 119 kilometers per hour or higher
Q
storm surge?
A
a "dome" of water that sweeps across the coast where a hurricane lands
Q
Name 4 safty rules to follow if you are caught outside in a thunderstorm.
A
1. avoid touching metal objects
2. avoid open spaces
3. stay away from trees, poles, fences, etc.
4. stay away from water
Q
Name a safty rule to follow when indoors during a thunderstorm.
A
Avoid touching landline telephones, electrical apliances, and plumbing fixtures.
Q
Where do tornadoes form or develope?
A
Tornadoes develope in low, heavy cumulonimbus clouds.
Q
What and where is Tornado Alley?
A
A region of the Great Plains from Texas to Nebraska where most tornadoes occur.
Q
How does a hurricane begin?
A
A hurricane begins as a low-pressure area (tropical disturbance) in the Trade Winds belt.
Q
What is the Eye of the Hurricane?
A
The center of rotation, surrounded by a wallof clouds, with calm winds and clear sky.
Q
What happens when a hurricane travels across land?
A
it slows down and loses strength
Q
Why does a hurricane passing over land lose strength?
A
It no longer has warm, moist air to draw energy and water vapor from because it is not over warm ocean water.
A
An announcement that hurricane conditions are POSSIBLE in your area and be prepared to evacuate.
Q
What is a "hurricane watch"?
A
an announcement that hurricane conditions are EXPECTED within 24 hours.
Q
What is a "hurricane warning"?
Q
Where is the path of a hurricane?
A
along the surface of the ocean it passes over
Q
Where do hurricanes that affect the United States form?
A
They form in the Atlantic Ocean north of the equator.
Q
When do most hurricanes strike the United States?
A
in August, September, and October
Q
When does snow fall?
A
Snow falls when humid air cools below 0°C.
Q
Lake Effect Snow
A
Cold, dry air moves over warmer lakes and picks up water vapor and heat. When the air reaches the colder land the water vapor condenses and falls as snow.
Q
State the snowstorm safty rules.
A
If you are caught in a snowstorm, try to find shelter from the wind. Cover your body and stay dry.
Q
What are the dangers of winter storms?
A
Heavy snow can block roads, even for emergency vehicles. Extreme cold can damage crops and freeze and burst water pipes.