Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/53

Click to flip

53 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Leukocyte
a white blood cell
Plasma
the liquid part of blood
Platelets
stick together to form blood clots
Aorta
largest artery in the body; takes the oxgygen blood from heart to all parts of body
Superior Vena Cava
brings blood from top part of body to heart
Inferior Vena Cava
brings blood from bottom part of body to heart
Valves
keep the blood from going the opposite direction
Coronary arteries
the arteries that take oxygen to the heart itself
Arteries
blood vessels with oxygen going to all parts of body
Veins
blood vessels leading de-oxygenated blood back to the heart
Pulmonary Artery
blood going to the lungs to get oxygen
Pulmonary Vein
blood going back to the heart that has oxygen, which will soon be spread throughout the body
4 chambers of the heart
right atrium, right ventricle, left atrium, left ventricle
4 blood types
A, B, AB, O
O-
the universal donor
AB
the universal reciever
Clotting
the platelets; then the blood cells stick together
Capillaries
smallest type of blood vessels
Hemoglobin
the chemical on red blood cells that attracts oxygen
Hemophiliac
someone who's blood does not clot
Leukemia
cancer of the blood
Anemia
when there is no/little hemoglobin on the red blood cells so ur body doesn't get enough oxygen
Systolic
blood pressure when the heart is contracting, teh maximum pressure
Diastolic
the minimum pressure, when the heart is relaxing
Saliva
breaks down the food
Peristalsis
the action of the muscles in the esophogus pushing the food down
Esophogus
the tube the food goes down after it is chewed and swallowed; connects to the stomach
Stomach
churns and produces enzymes to break up the food even more
Heartburn
when acid from ur stomach gets up into the esophogus
Enzymes
chemicals that break down different types of proteins and such
Bile
green substance which is needed for digestion of food; also breaks down the food
Liver
has many jobs; cleans stuff like alchohal, stores energy, stores fat not needed, breaks down proteins
Gall Bladder
stores the bile
Pancreas
breaks down carbohydrates; breaks down fat
Small intestines
take out the proteins and vitamins, the stuff useful for the body
Large intestines
take out the excess water or H2O
Villi
they are in the small intestines; suck out all the proteins and stuff useful for the body
Stomach acids
2nd major breaking down down by these
chyme
what the digested food is after exiting the stomach and going into the small intestines
Diarrhea
when the large intestines don't take out enough water so the waste is "gloppy"
Nephrons
purifies and filters the blood;
Ureter
tuve that carries urine from the kidneys to the bladder
Kidneys
filters waste from the blood and urine to become urine
Urethra
a tube that connects the bladder to the outside of the body
Bladder
hollow, muscular organ that collects and hold the urine until it comes out
Renal
having to do with teh kidneys
Tendons
connects the muscle to the bone
Ligaments
fibrous tissue; connects bones or two different parts of one bone
Smooth
found in walls of organs; contracts manually and withought concious thought
Striated
a muscle that is connected at either or both ends to a bone; moves parts of the skeleton
Cardiac
having to do with the heart
Voluntary
a muscle that you have to contract yourself
Involuntary
a muscle that contracts by itself and without thought by you