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25 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
In a capitalist market economy:
a. people get their daily needs from nature
b. the government determines what is produced
c. people do not purchase or trade goods
d. buyers and sellers determine production of goods
e. people believe that making a profit is bad
d. buyers and sellers determine production of goods
While valuable, neoclassical economics has led to environmental problems because:
a. long-term effects are downplayed.
b. costs and benefits are experienced by people other than just the buyer and seller.
c. resources are treated as unlimited.
d. all of the above assumptions have resulted in the environmental problems.
d. all of the above assumptions have resulted in environmental problems.
which of the following is NOT considered an economic externality?
a. human health
b. property damage
c. price a buyer pays for a product
d. aesthetic damage
e. all of the above are externalities
c. price a buyer pays for a product
____ occur(s) when the market does not reflect the negative impact on the environment of a particular activity.
a. a subsidy
b. green taxes
c. market failure
d. equity
c. market failure
Which statement is FALSE when formulating environmental policy?
a. identification of the problem is the first step.
b. envisioning a solution to a problem involves both science and social action.
c. individuals tend to be more effective than organizations.
d. lobbyists try to influence politicians.
e. the final step of policy formulation is to implement, assess and interpret policy.
c. individuals tend to be more effective than organizations.
What is the name of the document I would need to create if I was a city in CA that wanted to enlarge my airport of make a new landfill?
environmental impact statement
What does EPA mean?
Environmental Protection Agency
We watched some of a film titled the ____ of ____ about the material economy.
story, stuff
NEPA requires an Environmental Impact Statement when:
A. An economically expensive project is proposed
b. Any state action may affect the environment
c. any major federal action may affect the environment
d. politicians decide one is needed
e. the public demands one
c. any major federal action may affect the environment
The ______ represent(s) governments involved in multinational trade, promotes free trade, and interpret(s) some environmental laws as unfair to trade.
A. World Trade Organization
B. The European Union EcoTact
C. United Nations Environment Programme
D. Non-governmental Organizations
A. World Trade Organization
"If domestic gas prices rise to $5 per gallon conservation will increase, alternative fuels will be developed, and energy efficiency and our quality of life will improve." This view is consistent with ____ economics.
a. subsistence
b. neoclassical
c. anarchic
d. social
e. environmental
e. environmental
Cap and Trade is a system that _______.
a. has been repealed by congress as useless in diminishing pollution
b. specifies a certain cap on industrial pollutants that can be traded to other nations
c. rapidly brings pollution emissions to near zero for participating industries
d. permits industries that pollute under the federal cap to sell credits to industries that pollute over the cap
e. allows industries to set their own levels for pollution emission so trading can continue
d. permits industries that pollute under the federal cap to sell credits to industries that pollute over the cap
The first national park in the world was:
a. yellowstone
b. grand canyon
c. death valley
d. glacier national park
e. yosemite
a. yellowstone
T/F A lobbyist is very likely to produce an unbiased report about a proposed law
False
The "supply and demand" graph tells us:
a. ecosystem services are being degraded on a global scale
b. non-market value of an ecosystem service drops as demand increases
c. as demand increases, the prics drops
d. as supplies drop, non-market value increases
e. market equillibrium is a compromise between sellers' wish for high price and buyers' desire for a low price
e. market equilibrium is a compromise between sellers' wish for high price
The World Bank was established in 1944 to:
a. fund economic development for all countries, rich and poor, including dams and irrigation in the poorest countries, for the poorest peoples
b. help weak governments by loaning money to heads of state for military infrastructure
c. fund international projects for developed nations, including dams on international rivers, multicountry irrigation projects, and the spraying of herbicides and insecticides.
e. provide ease of banking for multinational corporations
d. fund international projects for developed nations, including dams on international rivers, multicountry irrigation projects, and the spraying of herbicides and insecticides
"If domestic gas prices rise to $5 per gallon growth will slow significantly and our quality of life will decline." THis view is consistent with _____ economics.
a. anarchic
b. subsistence
c. social
d. neoclassical
e. environmental
d. neoclassical
Environmental damage from industry or land development has traditionally been labeled as _____ by economists
a. steady state economics
b. ecosystem services
c. free riders
d. greenwashing
e. external costs
e. external costs
Critics of the World Trade Organization:
a. charge that it gives too much money to environmental causes
b. complain that it shapes environmental policy by establishing unfair international laws
c. charge that the WTO's subsidy policies unfairly target poor people
d. complain that it frequently worsens environmental problems
d. complain that it frequently worsens environmental problems
To control pollution, industry has been given limits and been threatened with punishment if these limits are violated. This approach is called _____.
a. carrot and stick
b. last chance
c. end of the alley
d. command and control
e. limit and manage
d. command and control
Lobbying, legal action and campaign funding are all means used by ______ to influence governmental environmental policies.
a. the scientific community
b. the judicial branch of government
c. social science studies
d. the public sector
e. the legislative branch
d. the public sector
The sewage found in the Tijuana river watershed was/is _____.
a. easy to legislate once the causes were found
b. dramatically improved once subsidies were in place
c. caused primarily by mexican-owned maquiladoras
d. a transboundary problem
e. caused by the pressure on American companies to hire American workers
d. a transboundary problem
Rachel Carson's book "silent spring" published in the 1960s and....
a. focused on chemical pollutants, including industrial chemicals
b. was concerned with birth defects in humans
c. was the beginning of the first wave of US environmental policy
d. awakened the American public to negative effects of artificial hormones
e. warned of insect pollinator losses through pesticide use
a. focused on chemical pollutants, including industrial chemicals
The national environmental policy act (NEPA):
a. was signed into law by Bill Clinton
b. put all federal land under stringent environmetal protection
c. requires compensation to be given to anyone harmed by deliberate pollution from any business or corporate entity
d. required environmental impact statements for any projects funded by the US government
d. required environmental impact statements for any projects funded by the US government
According to the professor, are Democrats or Republicans most likely to promote economic growth over environmental matters?
Republicans