Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/53

Click to flip

53 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
  • 3rd side (hint)
what is physics?
the study of matter and energy and how they relate
hehe-you don't get a hint
what re the 2 type of physical science?
macroscopic and microscopic
hehe-you don't get a hint
what is macroscopics?
physics
can see it w/ the naked eye
2 things
what is microscopics?
chemistry
requires a microscope
2 things
what are the other names for physics?
physical science, macroscopics
2 things
energy and matter are---- ----?
mutaully exclusive
hehe-you don't get a hint
if its physical, its ---- -- ---------
made of substance
3 words
what is science? (view hint)
the observation, identification, description, experimental investigation, and theoretical explination of phenomena
very long answer
what is matter?
anything that has mass and occupies space
2 things
what is energy?
the ability to do work
hehe-you don't get a hint
what are types of energy?
light, heat, electrical energy, sound, solar energy, kinetic energy
hehe-you don't get a hint
what is the difference between solving a scientific problem and an exercise?
problems: involves finding an unknown without the use of an established procedure
exercises:involves using predetermined steps to solve for an unknown
hehe-you don't get a hint
how do you solve a scientific problem?
1)define problem
2)do research
3)formulate a hypothesis
4)test hypothesis (experiment)
5)anaylze results
6)draw conclusion
6 steps
what is a hypothesis?
an educated guess
hehe-you don't get a hint
what is ignorance?
to be uneducated in a certain field
hehe-you don't get a hint
what is the method of solving scientific problem called?
the Scientific Method
hehe-you don't get a hint
what is observation?
the process of gathering information
hehe-you don't get a hint
what are the two types of observation?
quantitive
qualitive
hehe-you don't get a hint
what if a qualitive observation?
an observation that doesn't involve numbers; characteristics
hehe-you don't get a hint
what if a quantitive observation?
an observation that involves numbers
hehe-you don't get a hint
what is a theory?
an explination based on many supported by experimental results
hehe-you don't get a hint
what happens to a hypothesis once it is proven?
turns into a theory
hehe-you don't get a hint
what is a scientific law?
a "rule of nature"
hehe-you don't get a hint
when can a theory be turned into a Law?
once it is proven flawlessly
hehe-you don't get a hint
what is an experiment?
an organized procedure for testing a hypothesis
hehe-you don't get a hint
what does and experiment have?
a control, a constant, an independent variable, and a dependent variable
4 things
what is a control?
the standard specimen that all other experiments are compared to
hehe-you don't get a hint
what is a constantl?
a factor that does not change in the experiment
hehe-you don't get a hint
what is an independent variable?
a factor that is adjusted by the scientist
hehe-you don't get a hint
what is a dependent variable?
a factor that is controlled by the independent variable
the one result of an experiment
2 things
what did scientist often rely on?
the general obeservations and on what previous scientist had done
2 things
what were scietist ofter reluctant to do?
question authority
hehe-you don't get a hint
where and when did scietist start to experiment to see if their ides were correct
400 years ago, Western Europe
hehe-you don't get a hint
What was Galileo's full name?
Galileo Galilei
very similar to each other
where and when did Galileo go to school?
17 @ Pisa University
hehe-you don't get a hint
What did Galileo originally study to be?
a doctor
hehe-you don't get a hint
what had he identified and documented?
the mathmatical relationship in a universal event
hehe-you don't get a hint
what was the unversal event he identified and documeted ?
the time it took for a lamp to swing back and forth and the chain on which it was suspended
hehe-you don't get a hint
where did Galileo record his findings and what did he include w/ them?
in notebooks w/ sketches
hehe-you don't get a hint
do his notebooks still exsist today?
yes
hehe-you don't get a hint
he was a famous--- and a more famous---
inventor, astronomer
hehe-you don't get a hint
what did he invent?
a military compass that could aim canninbals at the enemy
hehe-you don't get a hint
he created his own----
telescope
hehe-you don't get a hint
when did he discover the Galilean moons?
1609
hehe-you don't get a hint
what are the Galilean moons
4 moons that orbit Jupiter
hehe-you don't get a hint
he was convinced that the earth revolved around the ---- even though people thought the --- was the center of the solar system
sun, earth
hehe-you don't get a hint
what did the leaders of the church do to Galileo?
put him on trial and heresy, threatened to torture him, and put him on house arrrest for the rest of his life
4 things
because of house arrest, he couldn't--- -- ----- anymore
speak in public
hehe-you don't get a hint
what was the space probe launched in his honor called
Galileo space probe
hehe-you don't get a hint
when and by who was the Galileo space probe launched?
NASA in 1989
hehe-you don't get a hint
what does NASA stand for
National Aeronautics and Space Administration
hehe-you don't get a hint
what does the Galileo space probe do?
observes Jupiter and the Galilean moons and sends information back to earth
hehe-you don't get a hint
what religion was Galileo?
Christian
hehe-you don't get a hint