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16 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
the attractive force that holds atoms or ions together
chemical bond
the arrangement of bonded atoms or ions within a substace
chemical structure
the average distance between the nuclei of two bonded atoms
bond length
the angle formed by two bonds to the same atom
bond angle
a bond formed by the attraction between oppositely charged ions
ionic bond
a bond formed by the attraction between positively charged metal ions and the electrons around them
metallic bond
a bond formed when atoms share one or more pairs of electrons
covalent bond
an ion made of two or more atoms that are covalently bonded and that act like a single ion
polyatomic ion
the simplest chemical formula of a compound that tells the smalles whole-number ratio of atoms in the compound
empirical formula
a chemical formula that reports the actual numbers of atoms in one molecule of a compound
molcular formula
any covalently bonded compound that contains carbon
organic compound
a large organic molecule made of many smaller bonded units
polymer
any organic compound that has an important role in living things
biochemical compound
any organic compound that is made of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen and that provieds nutrients to the cells of living things
carbohydrate
a biological polymer made of bonded amino acids
protein
any one of 20 different naturally occuriong organic molecules that combine to form proteins
amino acid