Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/40

Click to flip

40 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
measuring
process skill
obtaining exact information
about a quantitative characteristic (measurable feature)
astronomy
branch of science
study of matter in outer space
stating a hypothesis
process skill
an explanation
of why something happens
that can be tested/proved by an experiment
science
knowledge
and process for gaining more knowledge
about our world
various branches (examples)
qualitative property
describes an object in measurable terms
information about exact measurement
chemistry
branch of science
study of the make-up of matter
issue
topic about which people have different points of view
biology
branch of science
study of life
observing
process skill
watching/examining carefully
with senses of sight, hearing, touching, tasting, smelling
qualitative observations describe (without using numbers)
quantitative observations measure (numbers & units)
society
many individuals
who must work together
responsibly
in the application of scientific knowledge
physical property
characteristic trait/feature/peculiarity
that defines/describes something
e.g. its colour, physical state, texture, hardness
ecology
branch of science
study of organisms in environments
conclusion
result/outcome of an experiment
validation/rejection of hypothesis
physics
branch of science
study of matter & energy
characteristic
feature/distinguishing mark/trait/property
that helps to identify (distinguish/tell apart)
or describe recognizably
technology
use
of scientific knowledge
to solve a problem
advantages & disadvantages (examples)
inferring
process skill
giving possible explanation(s)
for an observation
(without proof)
dependent variable
value depends on value of the independent variable (effect)
observed and/or measured by the experimenter
process skills
thinking skills
used in a specific order
by all kinds of people
to find answers to questions
theory
a well tested hypothesis
control/control group
all variables are kept constant (unchanged)
independent variable is omitted
to make sure that observed changes are caused by the independent variable
gives a basis for comparison
predicting
process skill
describing what might happen in the future
based on previous observations
doing experiments
process skill
planning
and carrying out
a series of activities
to test a hypotheses, find an answer to a question, or a solution to a problem
chemical property
a capability or power to react chemically
e.g. ability to rust, burn, neutralize, etc.
using models
object, design, idea
to help you understand something
you can not observe
e.g. pictures, diagrams, 3-D representations
controlled experiment
only one factor (variable) is changed at a time
all the other factors remain the same
has a control/control group
interpreting data
explaining data or observations
recording data (information):
taking notes
making tables
graphing
sketching
reporting experiments
making mind maps
different ways to preserve data (information) on paper
quantitative property
describes an object in observable terms
information about appearance, taste, smell, feel, sound
variable
factor
likely to change or vary
can affect the results of an experiment
experimental group
test group
affected by independent variable
controlled variables
variables that are kept the same (constant)
controlled experiment
fair test (of a hypothesis)
all variables are kept constant
except one (independent variable)
has a control/control group
must be repeatable
estimating
process skill
guessing a measurement
analyzing data
carefully looking at experimental data (in tables or graphs)
to find patterns
that will help you understand the results
classifying
process skill
sorting things
that are somehow alike
into groups
scientific method
steps followed to solve problems in science
defining operationally
a method of comparison
using observable/measurable characteristics
to describe or define an object/event
organizing data
putting together data or observations
to make discussion with
and understanding by others easier
independent variable
value changed/controlled by the experimenter
influences the value of the dependent variable (cause)