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46 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
The layer of gases that surround the Earth is called the
ATMOSPHERE
The two most abundant gases in the atmosphere are
NITROGEN AND OXYGEN
The form of oxygen with three oxygen atoms in each molecule is called
OZONE
Because the Earth's atmosphere traps energy from the sun, water exists as a
LIQUID
The formula for density is
DIVIDE MASS BY VOLUME
As you increase the eleveation, air pressure
PUSHES DOWN ON YOU
Te lowest part of the atmosphere is the
TROPOSPHERE
All weather occurs in this part of the atmosphere
THE TROPOSPHERE
The part of the atmosphere that contains the ozone
THE STRATOSPHERE
The part of the atmosphere where most of the meteors burn up in the atmosphere
THE MESOSPHERE
The part of an experiment that is purposely changed is called the
MANIPULATED VARIABLE
The factor that may change in response to the manipulated variable is called the
RESPONDING VARIABLE
A possible explanation for a set of observations or answer to a sceintific question is called a
HYPOTHESIS
A summary of what you have learned from a scientific experiment is called a
CONCLUSION
A well-tested explanation for a wide range of observations or experimental results is called a
THEORY
Wave lenghts taht are a little bit shorter than visible light are called
INFRARED
Most of the energy that heats the Earth's atmosphere is
INFRARED
What is the greenhouse effect?
The rise in temperature that the Earth experiences because of certain gases that are in the atmosphere
How is heat transferred by convection?
Convection is heat transfer by mass motion of a fluid such as air or water when the heated fluid is caused to move away from the source of heat, carrying energy with it.
How is heat transferred by conduction?
Conduction is heat transfer by means of molecular agitation within a material without any motion of the material as a whole. If one end of a metal rod is at a higher temperature, then energy will be transferred down the rod toward the colder end because the higher speed particles will collide with the slower ones with a net transfer of energy to the slower ones.
What is heat transfer by radiation?
Radiation is heat transfer by the emission of electromagnetic waves which carry energy away from the emitting object.
Wind pressures are caused by differences in
AIR TEMPERATURE
Land breezes occur because
LAND COOLS FASTER THAN WATER
What is the Coriolis Effect?
HOW THE EARTH'S ROTATION AFFECTS THE WINDS
Large clouds that produce thunderstorms are called
CUMULONIMBUS CLOUDS
Very high feathery clouds are called
CIRRUS CLOUDS
When a cold air mass overtakes a warm air mass the result is
A COLD FRONT
When a warm air mass and a cold air mass meet and neither can move the other the result is
A STATIONARY FRONT
The most dangerous part of the snowstorm is
HIGH WINDS
Scientists who study and predict the weather are called
METEOROLOGISTS
what is an isobarian isotherm?
IT SHOWS LINES OF TEMPERATURE
If a mineral is inorganic it means
THAT IT NEVER LIVED
If a mineral is organic it means
THAT IT ONCE LIVED; THAT IT WAS ONCE ALIVE
What is streak, luster and hardness?
STREAK IS THE LINE THAT CAN BE WRITTEN WITH A ROCK. LUSTER IS HOW IT SHINES, AND HARDNESS IS HOW IT IS COMPARED WITH THE HARDNESS OR SOFTNESS OF OTHER ROCKS. THERE IS A SCALE FROM 1 TO 10 OF HARDNESS CALLED THE MOH'S SCALE
What type of crystal is formed from slow cooling magma?
LARGE CRYSTALS
What type of crystal is formed from fast cooling magma?
SMALL CRYSTALS
A mineral that can be mined for profit is called
AN ORE
What is the hardest mineral on Moh's scale
#10 - DIAMOND
What is the softest mineral on Moh's scale?
#1 - TALC
What crystal shape is salt?
SALT IS A CUBIC SHAPE
An igneous rock that formed from lava that erupted onto the Earth's surface can be classified as
AN EXTRUSIVE ROCK
The most abundant intrusive rock in the continental crust is
GRANITE
Heat and pressure deep beneath the Earth's surface can change any rock into a
METAMORPHIC ROCK
To describe a rock's texture, geologists determine the size and shape of the rock's
GRAINS
Rocks that formed from cooling magma below the surface are called
INTRUSIVE ROCKS
An igneous rock that formed from lava that erupted onto the Earth's surface can be classified as
EXTRUSIVE ROCK