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31 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
the shape of the land_____
topography
how is topography of an area determined
1.elevation
2.relief
3.landforms
height above sea level of a point on the earths surface
elevation
difference of elevation between the highest and lowest parts of an area
RELIEF
a feature of topography formed by the process that shape the earths surface
landforms
large area of land where the topography is similar
landform region
3 main types of land form
1.plains-coastal and interior
2. mountains
3.plateaus
flat or gently rolling land with low relief (2 types of this)
plains
lies along a sea coast eastern and southern. they have low elevation and low relief
coastal plains
lies away from the coast. they have low relief and elevation.ex the great plains
interior plains
a land form that has high elevation with a level surface.they are usually cut by streams or rivers (grand canyon)
plateaus
scientist divide the earth into how many spheres
4
landforms with high elevation and high relief they usually occur as part of a _____
mountain range
a mountain range is a group of mountains that are closely related in ___,____,_____
shape , structure, and age
different mountain ranges in a region make up a________
mountain system
solid,rocky outer layer of earth surface
lithospere
all land (even the ocean floors) made up the continents and smaller landmass
island
the outer most sphere it is a mixture of gases that surround the planet most abundant gases are nitrogen and oxygen
atmosphere
ocean lakes river and ice
hydrosphere
all living thing in the air the water and in and on the land
biosphere
earth structures
1.core
2.mantle
3.crust
4.litosphere
solid inner made up of two elements nickle and iron
core
surrounds the core and it is the largest layer it is made of a hot but solid material
mantle
top portion of the litosphere and is thin layer made up of rock
crust
the modern science of geology was started by james huttun in the late 1700s
the deparment of gelogy
study of solid earth
geology
geologist process that operate today also operated in the past
uniformitarianism
2 types of forces
constructive and destructive
shapes the surface by building up land areas anfd mountains
constructive
wears down mountains and every other feature on the surface
destructive
shows the surface feature of an area
topographic map