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35 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
texture
the property to describe the surface of matter
chromatography
the seperation of a mixture through an adsorbent material to view the different rates of absorption
unsaturated
not saturated; more solute will still dissolve
state
in describing matter as either a solid, liquid or gas
saturated
containing as much solute as can be held (at room temperature)

no more will dissolve
heterogeneous
a mixture in which more than one substance is visible
property
a characteristic used to describe matter
(colour, hardness, boiling point, or melting point)
homogeneous
a mixture that looks the same throughout
density
the amount of matter in a certain volume of a substance
matter
anything that has mass and volume
boiling point
the temperature at which a liquid pure substance bubbles and changes rapidly to a gas
pure substance
a substance that has the same properties in any sample
melting point
temperature at which a pure substance changes from a solid to liquid
mixture
matter that has two or more kinds of particles
colour
a property that is sometimes used to identify minerals
atom
the smallest particle of an element
compound
a pure substance that is made up of two or more elements combined together
filtration
a method of seperating the parts of a mixture based on the size of the pieces
condensation
changes of state from a gas to a liquid
solution
a mixture that appears to be all one substance
evaporation
changes of state from a liuqid to a gas
(puddles drying up in the sunshine)
distillation
a method of seperating the parts of a solution and recovering both the solute and the solvent
suspension
a cloudy mixture of clumps of a solid or droplets of a liquid scatterd throughout the mixture
physical change
a change in matter in which no new substance is produced
filtrate
the part of the filtrate that passes through the filter
chemical change
a change in matter that produces one or more new substances. (new substance has different properties)
residue
something that remains, in filtration it's the part held back by the filter
mechanical mixture
a mixture in which two or more parts can be seen with the unaided eye
magnetism
the property of a mineral that attracts a magnet or a compass
soluble
able to dissolve
insoluble
unable to be dissolved
solute
the material that is dissolved in a solution
solvent
the material in which a solute dissolves in to become a solution
element
a pure substance that cannot be broken down into any other pure substances
molecule
a particle made up of two or more atoms joined together