• Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/36

Click to flip

36 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What is the Respiratory system made up of?
16-1
lungs
tubes
passageways through which air moves in the body
What is breathing?
16-1
the process by which air enters and leaves the body
What is respiration?
16-1/16-2
the process of
carrying oxygen to cells,
getting rid of Carbon Dioxide and water
releasing energy
What is the trachea?
16-1
windpipe
What is the bronchus or bronchi?
16-1
tube leading to the lungs
What is the alveolus or alveoli?
16-1
microscopic air sacs in the lungs
What is the larynx?
16-1
organ located on top of the trachea that contains the vocal cords
made of cartilage
3 parts of respiration
16-2
External Respiration
Internal respiration
Cellular Respiration
External Respiration
16-2
oxygen and carbon dioxide are exchanged between the lungs and the blood
Internal Respiration
16-2
oxygen and carbon dioxide are exchanged between the blood and the cells of the body
Cellular Respiration
16-2
chemical process by which energy from food molecules is released by cells
What is a diaphragm?
16-2
sheet of muscle below the lungs
What is inhale?
16-2
to breathe in
less air pressure in the lungs than outside the body
more oxygen
What is exhale?
16-2
to breathe out
air pressure in the lungs is greater than the air pressure outside the body
carbon dioxide released
What body parts are used in breathing?
16-2
ribs
diaphragm
rib muscles
lungs
What is mucus?
16-3
sticky liquid found in the nose and windpipe
traps harmful particles from the air
keeps tissues of respiratory system from drying out(keep moist)
What is cilia?
16-3
tiny hairlike structures found in nose and windpipe
push mucus and trapped particle toward the back of the throat
What gases makes up air?
16-4
oxygen
nitrogen
carbon dioxide
argon
What are alveoli?
16-4
microscopic air sacs in the lungs
where gases are exchanged in the lungs
What is nicotine?
16-5
stimulant found in tobacco
causes physical and mental addiction
What is excretion?
16-6
process of removing waste products from the blood
What are the waste products formed by the body?
16-6
Carbon dioxide
water
salts
nitrogen compounds
What are the parts/organs of the Excretory system?
16-6
Lungs
kidneys
skin- the largest part
What is the kidney?
16-6
excretory organ that removes waste products from the blood

Urine is the waste product
2 kidneys
What is the ureter?
16-6
tube that carries liquid waste(Urine) from the kidneys to the bladder
What is the bladder?
16-6
excretory organ that stores liquid wastes
What is urine?
16-7
liquid waste formed in the kidneys
What is urea?
16-7
nitrogen compound formed as a waste product when proteins are used by the body
What is nephron?
16-7
filtering structure of the kidneys
look like tiny tubes
What is skin?
16-8
largest organ of the human body
covers entire outside of body
main function cover and protect the body
two layers with blood vessels, nerves and other tissue
What is the dermis?
16-8
inner layer of the skin
living layer
What is the epidermis?
16-8
outer layer of the skin
covers and protects body
living and dead skin cells
What is perspiration?
16-8
waste water and salts that leave the body through the skin
What is a pore?
16-8
tiny opening in the skin
What is evaporation?
16-8
changing of a liquid to a gas
cooling system
removes heat from body
What two systems do the lungs belong to? 16-1
respiratory and circulatory