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54 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
What 3 things is food used for?
building new products
repairing old parts
producing energy
What are the 6 nutrients that foods contain?
protiens, carbohydrates, fats, vitamins, minerals, water
What are the four groups that you get nutrients from?
dairy
meats and proteins
fruits and veggies
grains and grain products
What is energy measured in?
calories
What is the amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of 1 kilogram of water 1 degree celcius.
a Calorie
The number of Calories a person needs daily depends on the person's what 4 things?
size
body build
occupation
age
What is the energy that you need to keep an awake but resting body function called?
BMR= Basic Metabolic Rate
Proteins are nutrients for doing what 2 things for the body parts?
build and repair them
What are building blocks of protein called?
amino acids
In order for proteins to be used by the body they have to be broken down or what?
digested into amino acids
How many different types of amino acids are there?
20
What are amino acids that come from your diet called?
essential amino acids
Complete proteins are foods that contain all of what?
8 essential amino acids
What types of carbohydrates have "many sugars"?
Polysaccharides
Were does starch come from?
plants
What must polysaccharides be broken down into?
monosaccharides
What types of cardohydrates have "two sugars"?
disasaccharides
Two examples of disasaccharides are...
sucrose + table sugar
Which type of carbohydrates are "one sugar"?
monosaccharides
2 examples of monosaccarides are.....
glucose or simple sugar
how many times do fats supply the energy and calories that carbs and proteins do?
2 times
What do fats do for vital organs?
cushion and protect them
fat that is liquid at room temperature is... give example
unsaturated....... oil
fat that is solid at room temperature is... give example
saturated fat .............. fat
which fat is good for you and which one is bad?
unsturated= good
saturated= bad
what helps to regulate growth and normal gody functions?
vitamins
what are the 2 types of vitamins
fat and water soluble
were is fat soluble vitamins located
in fat tissue
can water soluble be stored and if not explain your answer
no, they are excreted daily
what are the fat soluble vitamins
a d e k
what are the water soluble vitamins
c and b complex vitemins
what also helps the body to function normally?
minerals
water is needed for most.............
chemical reactions
water carries all the......
nutrients
water helps to.....
maintain constant body temperature
what percentage of water is the human body
55 to 75 %
we need 2.4 to 2.8 liters of water a day wich is how many glasses
10 - 12 glasses
starch=

glucose =
iodine

benedict
what is the lab called that we did
salivary enzyme
which vitamin made by bactaria in the intestine
k v itamins
which vitamin aides in vision and in dim light
a vitamins
which vitamin comes from citrus fruits
c vitamins
which vitamin skin produces this with sunlight
d vitamins
which vitamin from nuts aids in red blood cells
e vitamins
t/f the vitamin b group is not needed for normal body function
flse
t/f sodium is used to help maintain water balance
true
t/f calcium can come from dark green vegitables
flse
t/f iron is not found in red meat
flse
t/f flourine helps fight tooth decay
true
t/f phosphorus does not help in the release of energy
true
nutrient not made by living things
mineral
waxy fatlike substance
cholesteral
helper molecule in many chemical reactions
vitamin
comlex carb that cant be broken down
fiber