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71 Cards in this Set

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2 show how rocks slowly change throught time, scientist have created a model
rock cycle
james hutton
is credited 4 recognizing rocks that undergo profound changes called the rock cycle
proccess by which sediments are pressed together to form a rock is called
compacation
igneous rock formed below earth's surface is called
intrusive
rocks that hve changed due 2 temperature and pressure r called
metamorphic rocks
mixture of minerals, organic matter, volcanic glass, or other materials is called
rock
igneous rocks formed above earth's surface is called
extrusive
rocks formed when sediments are pressed and cemented together, or when minerals form from solutioins is called
sedimentary
metamorphics r classified as
fiolated/non fiolated
sedimentary rocks are calssifed as
detrital
chemical
organi
marble
metamorphic
obsidian
igneous
coal
sedimentary
granite
igneous
chalk
sedimentary
resistance an object has 2 chantge in its state of motion
inertia
push or pull on an object
force
any force that reisit motion is called
friction
energy stored in an object is called
potential energy
youngest rocks on the ocean floors is at
mid ocean ridge
plates of lithosphere float on the
asthenosphere
result of plate movement can be seen at
plate boundries
collision of indo-australian plate and eurasian plate form the
himmilyas
presnece of these on several continets suppourts the hypothesis of contiental drift
rocks and fossils
hypohtesis that continets hve sloly moved 2 their current location is called
continental drift
plates move apart at
divergent
alignment of iron minerals in rocks as they form shows that earth's ___________has reversed itselfed several times in the past
magnetic clue
super continet
pangeaw
plates slide past at each other at
transform
boundry between 2 plates moving 2gether is called
convergent
seafloor spreading occurs bc_______-rises 2 the earth's surface
molten material
wat type of currents inside the eath drive plate motion
convetion
diffences in _________ causes hot platic like rock in the asthenosphere to rise at surface
convection current
complete convention current, the rising material must eventually______bac 2 earth
sink
andes mts in SA r fomed at
convergent
active volcanoes r mostly formed at
convergent
when 2 continental plates collide
mts formed
wat in cali is a transform boundry
san sandres fault
2 ocean plates colliding 2 form a
subduction
dna is found in all
cells
part of dna code on a chormosome is called
gene
combo of organism's genetic makeup and enciorment effect is
phenotype
sumlight, temp is example of ___ influe
external
study of __ is called genetcs
heredity
each parents passes _ allels 4 a trait 2 their offspring
1
independent assortment
mende; how 1 cell is inherited does not effect how the other is inherited
adaption
changes an organism makes 2 survive
extinction
spieces dies off
genotype
genetic makeup w. genes
phenotype
effect of enviroment
traits r a result of __info in dna
coded
differnt forms of gene are each called
allele
spped of light depends on its
medium
tsunamis hve a large amount of energy bc of their large
amplitude
spped of sound is 340 m/s
light and water waves r
transverse/mechanicle
mechanicle waves r
transverse or compressional
the pitch of a sound wave is itws
frequence
spreading out of a wave around a barrier is called
refraction
windless zones at teh equator
doldums
effect cuase by earth's rotation
coriolis
connects pts of = temperature
isotherm
wat type of front is 4 violent storms
cold
wat shows weather conditons at one specifc location
station model
wat type of energy transfer occurs when the heat in the sand transferes 2 the person's feet
conduction
about 90% of sun's stars in space r
main sequence
main sequence becomes a ___ after it uses up the hydrogen in its core
giant
red shift
big bang theory of the formation and expanision of the universe
as eath traves in its _, differnt constellations r visible at differnt times or the yr
orbit
star begins as a large cloud of gas and dust known as
nebula
changin g of the speed of awave is its
frequencey
in studying ocean currents, we hve
more warm currents