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19 Cards in this Set

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The stage during which the cell's nucleus divides into two new nuclei
mitosis
Doubled rod of condensed chromain
chromosome
The genetic material that carries information about an organism that is passe from parent to offspring.
DNA
A charateristic that an organism can pass on to its offsprong through its genes
trait
The passing of traits from from parents to offspring
heredity
One that always produces offspring with the same form of a trait as the parent.
purebred
A segment of DNA on a chromosome that codes for a specific trait.
gene
The different forms of a gene
alleles
One whose trait always shows up in the organism when the allele is present.
dominant allele
An allele that is masked when a dominant allel is present.
recessive allele
An organism that has two different alleles for a trait
hybrid
The likehood that a particular event will occur
probability
A chart that shows all the possible combinations of alleles that can result from a genetic cross
punnett square
Its physical appear, or its visible traits
phenotype
Its genetic makeup, or allele combinations
genotye
Having two identical alleles for a trait
homozygous
Having two different alleles for a trait.
heterozygous
An organism that is genetically identical to the organism from which it was produced
clone
A picture of all the chromosomes in a cell arranged in pairs
karyotype