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36 Cards in this Set

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What are the 7 steps of the Scientific Method? And What do they mean?
1.Problem:State the problem in a clear consice manner.

2.Hypothesis:Your best educated guess.

3.Materials:The items you need to complete the experiment.

4.Procedure:The step by step explanationof the expierementl process with details.

5.Results:A written form of your observations.

6.Conclusion:Interpreting your results.

7.Repeat the Work
What is the scientific Method?
A step by step procedure which is used to determin the answer to a scientific question.
What is Photosynthesis? (describe the process)
The process in wich a plant makes food. First the water comes up the stem.Then the water and the sunlight meat and the water slpits into oxygen and hydrogen.The oxygen exites the leaf through the stomata.Then the hydrogen and carbondioxide meat and turn into gluscose.
What is Chlorophyll, Chloropatse, and Gluscose?
Chlorophyll:The pigment of coloring that makes a leaf green.

Chloropaste:A tiny package of Chlorophyll with in a plant cell.

Gluscose: The type of sugar that plants eat.
What is the stem, veins, and cuticle?
Stem:A srong, flexible structure that holds up a plant and, it carries water and minerals to the rest of the plant through channels or tubes.

Veins:Are strong pipes that transport liquids to the leaves to give them reinforcement.

Cuticle:The waxy covering that caots the skin of the leaf.
What are Vines, Tendrils, Spines, and Bulbs?
Vines:Plants that climb upward as they grow clinging to tall objects.

Tendrils:The hands wich a vine grasps support to a structure.

Spines:Special leaves with no Chlorophyll. They protect the water storing stem.

Bulbs:The many lawyers of lower leaves that remain beneath the ground.
Name four insectivor plants and tell how they catch their food.
Venusflytrap:Its mouth has tiny little hairs all around it. When a insect lands on its mouthit has to touch one of the plants hairs twice before the plant will shut its mouth and eat the insect.
Bladderworth:It is a water plant and has floating roots with little tiny hairs on them. When a insect lands on one of its roots it gets sucked in and eaten.
Sundew:Has stick leaves and when a insect lands on one of its leaves it gets stuck and eaten.
PitcherPlant:Its bright colors attrached insects but, it is also very slippery.When a insect lands on it, it slips into the pitcher and gets digested.
What are the three main parts of the leaf?
1.Midrib
2.Veins
3.Stem
What are the four main groups that leaf shapes can be divided into?
1.Broad,flat leaves
2.Smooth edges
3.Toothed edges
4.Lobed edges
What are the two systems of a plant?
Shoot system and Root system.
What is a type of taproot?
carrot
What is a example of a fiberous root system?
grass
What is geotropisim?
Plants reaction to light.
What is hydroropisim?
Plants reaction to water.
What is phototropism?
Plants reaction to gravity.
What is a scientist who studies plants?
Botanist
What is a hybrid?
A cross fertilized plant.
Who was George Washington Carver? What did he invent?
The person that discovered many uses for peanuts. peanutbutter,shampoo,soap,and milk substitude.
Differences between dicots and monocots.
Monocots have one cotyledon, parrele viens, multiples of three petals,and a fiberous root system. Dicots have two cotyledons, viens that branch, petals in multiples of four or five,and they have taproots.
What is a tree?
A tall plant with a woody stem.
What are the tallest and oldest living trees?
California Redwood-tallest
Olive Tree-oldest
What are desiduous and evergreen trees?
Desiduous:loses leaves in the fall.
Evergreen:keeps its leaves all year long.
How is a seed cone pollinated and fertilized?
First, The scales on the cone spread apart to create openings. The ovules are located on the top, sides of the openings. The openings allow pollen to come in. Ovules are pollinated when flaoting pollen grains land on them. The pollen must pass through a tiny wall to land on the ovule. The ovule resists and pulls it in. Wings help the seeds land on the ground.
What is the importance of the cork layer as a tree prepars for winter?
Trees grow a wall of cork cells between the twig and base of each leaf stem. This layer blocks the flow of water and minerals into the leaf. Cut off from nutrients, the leaf stops manufacturing Chloriphyll. besides stopping the flow of water into the leaf, the cork layer also keeps sugar from leaving the leaf. Makes the leaf turn colors.
What are some Charicteriscs of the maple tree?
Has v shaped friuts, with tiny wings to catch the wind. Are known for their brightly colored leaves in the fall. Has toothed leaves with 3-5 lobesmake this common North American tree very easy to reconize.
What are some charitics of elms?
There are more than 15 varieties of elms. The most popular elm is the American elm. it is very tall and has a vase like appearence. It is 130 feet in height. Branches curve away from the trunk and droop twars th ground. it reminds one of water spreading out of a fountain. There is also something called the dutch elm disease. It is a fungis spread by beetles.
What are the chariristics of oaks?
It has a massive trunk that is set into the ground like a pillr of granite. Its srong roots delve deep into the earth. not very tall, their extremely wide and thick spreading branches give them an impressive profile. Their fruit is called a acorn.
What are the charistiscs of the willows?
Leaves are long and thin. branches droop. Grows by ponds, lakes,and streams. they have broad leaves.
What are some charistics of birches?
ONe birch is the paper birtch. It is also known as the canoe birch because Indians used it to make canoe because it is waterproof. Its white bark is smooth and papery. bark peels off in layers on its own, Never should be pulled off because it could kill the tree.
What are some use 0f the tree.
paper, desks, book shelves, houses, furniture, tables, maple syrup, bowling pins, canoe, boats, and cabnents.
Name the three parts of the seed and describe their function.
1.embroy-miniature undeveloped plant has tiny shoot that will become the stem and leaves,and a small root that will develope into the root system.
2.Cotelydons-contain stored food for the growing plant
3.Seedcoat-covers and protects the embroy.
Explain the process of pollination and fertilization with in a plant.
1.pollen grains produced by stamen
2.pollend lands on stigma
3.pollen tube grows
4.pollen tube reaches ovule
5.pollen gets to seed and makes a new flower
What is a friut and how doe it become one?
A friut is anythingthat forms from the ovary of a flower. it becomes one after fertilization has taken place. the flower starts to fade and drops its petals.Little by little the plant gathers a supply of food around the seeds, and the ovary wells larger and larger. Eventually the ovary becomes a friut.
How do you know if a hybrid is succesful or not?
A succesful hybrid has the desireable characteristics of each parent. They ae often larger,helthier,or more beautiful than rlated veriates that grow in the wild.
Label the parts of a flower.
in your book
pea rose lilyc composative and grass example characeristics
c-largest family,disk flower and ray flower
Dandelion,Goldenrod
p-high protein,second lrgest family
clover,greenbeans
r-colorful,friutful,blossoms,five petals
Apples,peaches
l-Have three multiple petals,long narrow leaves and bulbs
Tulips,day lilly tiger lily
g-edible,most important family. kentucky blue grass,crabb grass