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22 Cards in this Set

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Cell Membrane
Thin, flexible envelope that surrounds a cell.
Cell Wall
Outermost boundary of plant and bacterial cells that is made of cellulose.
Chlorophyll
Green substance needed for photosynthesis found in green plant cells.
Chloroplast
Large, irregularly shaped structure that contains chlorophyll.
Cytoplasm
all the protoplasm outside the nucleus of a cell.
Protoplasm
Living material in a cell
DNA

deoryribonuleic acid
Nucleic acid that stores the information needed to build proteins and carries genetic information about an organism.
Endoplasmic Reticulum
A protein-making site of a cell.
Mitochondrion:Singular

Mitochondria:Plural
Rod-shaped structure that is reffed to as the energy maker.
Nucleus
Cell structure that directs all the activities of the cell.
Organelle
Tiny cell structure.
Ribosomes
grain like body made of RNA and attached to the inner surface of an endoplasmic passageway.
Vacole
Large, round sac in the cytoplasm of a cell that stores water, food, enzymes and other materials.
RNA
Nucleic acid that "reads" the genetic information carried by DNA and guides the protein-making process.
Enzyme
Chemical substance that helps control chemical reactions.
The Cell Theory

Name the 3 major statments
*all thing are made of cells

*cell only come from other cells/living
things

*basic structure and fuction of a living things.
Who were the 3 important scientist behind the cell theory?
and what did they do for a living?
Matthias Schleiden-Botanist
Theodore Schwann-Zoologist
Rudolph Virchow-Doctor
What is the SPONTANEOUS GENERATION theory?
Life can spring from other living matter.
Who was a scientist that had something to do with the Spontaneous Generation?
Francesso Redi-conducted an experiment to disprove this theory
What are the characteristics of life?
Need food and water > Need Energy(most need oxygen)
Respond to stimuli
Made of cells
Have DNA
What do living things need?
Food > Energy(Oxygen)
Suitable Environment and Water
What are the life processes?
*Reproduction
*Growth
*Response
*Ingestion
*Digestion
*Excretion(making energy)
*Circulation
*Immunity