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17 Cards in this Set

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diffusion
movement of particles from low concentration to high
osmosis
diffusion of water through cell membrane
passive transport
movement of particles through cell membrane not using energy
active transport
movement of particles through cell membrane using energy
endocytosis
process where a particle comes into cell
exocytosis
sugar particles not needed attaches and air is pushed out
cell cycle
life cycle of the cell; chromosone duplication, mitosis, cytokinesis
chromosone
coil structures of dna and proteins
binary fission
simple cell divsion in which one cell splits into 2 asexual reproduction used by bacteria and bluegreen algae
homologous chromosomes
chromosomes with matching information
chromatids
identical copies of chromosomes
centromere
region in cell that holds chromatids together when a chromosome is duplicated
mitosis
division in eukaryotic cells; one cell divides into 2 and each cell recieves a copy of the original chromosomes
cytokinesis
the process in which cytoplasm divides into 2 parts after mitosis
photosynthesis
process where plants make energy
cellular resperation
where ATP is made from oxygen
fermentation
breaks down sugars without oxygen