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29 Cards in this Set

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Before the energy in food can be used by a cell it must first be transfered to molocules of
a proteins
b carbohydrates
c DNA
d ATP
d ATP
celular respiration
process of producing ATP in the cell from oxygen and glucose; releases carbon dioxide and water
A cell can remove large particles during ______________
exocytosis
Diffusion
the movement of particles from an area of high consentration to low concentration
what is produced by mitosis
a two identical cells
b two nuclei
c chloroplasts
d twodiffernt cells
a two identical cells
bianary fission
simple cell division in which one cell splits into 2;used by bacteria
What are the 4 stages of mitosis?
Prophase
Metaphase
Anaphase
Telaphase
Passive transport
diffusion of particles through protiens in the membrane from areas of high concentration to low consentration
An orginiam with chloroplasts is called
a consumer
b prokaryote
c producer
d centromere
c producer
active transport
movement of particles through proteins in the cell membrane against diffusion; requires cells to use energy
mitosis
nuclear division in eukariotic cells in which each cell receives a copy of th orinal chromosome
chromosome
coiled structure of DNA and prtein that forms in the cell nucleus during cell division
What cell structures are needed for photosythesis?for respiration?
Photosythesis:pigments, chloroplasts
Respiration: Mitochondria
exocytosis
process used to remove large particles from a cell; during exocytosis, a vesicle contaning the particle fuses with the cell membrane
How many chromatids are present in a chromosome at the begining of mitosis?
At the begining of mitosis in a chromosome there are 2 chromatids.
cell cycle
life cycle of a cell;in eukarotes it consists of chromosomes duplication ,mitosis, and cytokenesis
In eukaryotes,________ creates two nuclei, and _______ creates two new cells
cytokenesis
mitosis
Osmosis
the diffusion of water across a cell membrane.
Plants use ____________ to make glucose
cellular repiration
photosynthesis
process by which a plant uses energy from the sun and turns it into sugar
WHich of the following does not perform mitosis?
a prokaryotic cell
b human body cell
c eukaryotic cell
d plant cell
a prokaryotic cell
Homologous chromosomes
chromosomes with matching info
The diffusion of water through the cell membrane is called __________
osmosis
endocytosis
process in which a cell membrane surrounds a particle and encloses it in a vesicle to bring into a cell
when particles are moved through a membrane from a rgion of low to high concentration the process is called
a diffusion
b passive transpot
c active transport
d fermination
a diffusion
chromatids
identicle chromosome copies
What are the THREE stages of the cell cycle in a eukaryotic cell?
The THREE stages of the eukaryotic cells are : the growth copies of DNA,then it goes through mitosis, and then it goes through cytokinesis.
during ________ food molocules are broken down to form CO2 and H2O and releses large amounts of energy
fermination
Which of the following would form a cell plate during the cell cycle?
a human cell
b prokaryotic cell
c plant cell
d All of the Above
d All of the above