Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/30

Click to flip

30 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Impulse
change in momentum by force
Geocentrism
earth centered earth where planets revolve around
heliocentrism
sun centered earth with circular orbits and crystal spheres.
pseudoscience
a theory without scientific foundation
logial syllogism
arguement form consisting 2 underlying assumptions and a conclusion
Empirical data
experiments dependent on observation
hypothesis
an assumption ...not yet proven true
null hypothesis
the hypothesis under observation
independent variable
is not dependent on something else
Occams Razor
WILLIAM. spread of germs. "Postulates must not be multiplied without necessity"
temperature
relative measure of "hot" or "cold"
cold
absence of heat
machine
device used to change the magnitude or direction of a force
dependent variable
relies on something other
logic
analytics or reasoning
Newton's 1st Law
You will not move if not forced
Newton's 2nd Law
F = ma
force and acceleration move in the same direction
Newton's 3rd Law
for every action, there's an equal and opposite reaction
Aristotle
founded school "The Lyceum". Analytics and syllogisticism
Ptoloemy
wrote "almagest" and came up with geocentrism (longest theory)
Copernicus
heliocentrism and laid groundwork for currency in Poland
Galileo
gravity
Brahe
charted stars, toilet, and most accurate observations prior to telescope.
Kepler
discovered plantary motion is ELLIPTICAL
1st Law of Thermodynamics
conservation. energy is neither created nor destroyed, it just changes form.
2nd Law of Thermodynamics
restriction law
1. heat will not flow cold to hot
2. engines cannot be 100% efficient
3. isolate systems because entropy
3 types of energy
electrical, chemical, thermal
3 types of heat transfer
1. conduction
2. convection
3. radiation
first 3 concepts of science
1. science is impartial
2. science is objective
3. science avoids religion
last 4 concepts of science
4. science doesn't make moral decisions
5. natural causes fully explain observed events
6. data assimilation and conclusions must be corroborated by many scientists
7. theories, laws, and principles are always applicable